Thursday, 25 September 2008

William Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland (cr. 1689)



(Hans) William Bentick, KG, PC (1649- 1709), Baron Bentinck, of Diepenheim, in the Netherlands, 1st Earl of Portland, Viscount Woodstock and Baron Cirencester (cr. 1689)

The son of Bernard, Baron Bentinck and descended from an ancient and noble Flemish family became a close friend of William, prince of Orange.
Prince William of Orange sent him in several diplomatic missions to England namely, in 1677, to ask the hand of Mary, daughter of James, duke of York which would give him succession rights to the throne of England.

The alliance of some Tory peers and the Whigs against the increasingly unpopular policies of king James II led ultimately led to the invasion of England by the Dutch and the flight into exile of king James II. Lord Bentick played an important role in the preparation of the invasion and in the gathering of support for William’s cause both in England and among foreign powers.

The «Glorious Revolution» having been accomplished with the accession to the throne of William and Mary as joint monarchs, England became a constitutional monarchy with the approval of the English Bill of Rights. The new regime however had to face the «Jacobite» uprisings in Ireland and Scotland till 1745.

William Bentick’s loyalty and dedication to the new dynasty was highly rewarded by the appointment as Groom of the Stole, Privy Counsellor and created Baron Cirencester, Visount Woodstock and Earl of Portland, all in 1689.

He fought at the battles of the Boyne and Landen were he was wounded and in 1697-98, was sent as Ambassador to Paris for negotiations with Louis XIV over the partition of the Spanish monarchy, In 1697 he was installed a Knight of the Garter.

Lord Portland was further rewarded with a very large gift of crown land in Ireland leaving a huge fortune when he died.

Lord Portland was married 1stly. On 1678 Anne Villiers and 2ndly. on 1700, Jane Martha Temple, the widow of the 3rd Baron Berkeley of Stratton.

His eldest son Henry, who succeeded him, was created Marquess of Titchfield and Duke of Portland in 1716.


F. 424

Arms: Az. a cross moline ar (Bentick) surrounded by a garter with the Order’s motto.
Crest: Out of a marquess’s coronet ppr. two arms couter-embowed, vested gules on the hands, gloves or., each holding an ostrich’s feather ar. for Bentiwck.

Supporters: Two lions, double queued, the Dexter ppr. the Sinister sa.
The bookplate is dated 1704.

William Cavendish-Bentick, 6th Duke of Portland



William Arthur Charles James Cavendish-Bentick, K.G., P.C., G.C.V.O. 6th Duke of Portland (s. 1879), 2nd Baron Bolsover (s. 1893)


F.

Arms: Quarterly: 1st and 4th, az. a cross moline argent (Bentick); 2d and 3d, sa. three stags heads caboshod ar. (Cavendish)

Crest: 1st, Out of a ducal coronet or., two arms embowed vested gu., hand gloves or. each holding an ostrich feather ar. (for Bentick); 2nd., A serpent nowed proper (for Cavendish) Supporters: Two lions double queued the Dexter or., the Sinister sa.

Motto: Craignez honte

Insc.: William Arthur Sixth Duke of Portland, K. G.
Artist: W. P. B.
Opus/Year:1900

William was the grandson of Lord [William] Charles Augustus Cavendish-Bentinck, and a great-grandson of the 3rd Duke of Portland, a British Prime Minster. He succeeded to the title when his cousin the 5th Duke of Portland died without heirs in 1879.


The 6th Duke held a number of honours, including Chairman of the First Royal Commission on Horsebreeding, President of the Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland, and Lord Lieutenant of both Caithness and Nottinghamshire. He was also Provincial Grand Master of the Freemasons for Nottinghamshire, as well as being Chancellor of the Order of the Garter, a trustee of the British Museum and Bailiff Grand Cross of the Order of St John of Jerusalem.
In 1889 he married Winifred Anna Dallas-Yorke (1863-1954), daughter of Thomas Dallas-Yorke.

His passion for horse breeding adn horse racings was proverbial.

see, the bookplate of the 1sr Earl of Portland

Sources:

  1. http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/mss/collections/family-estate/collections/portland/6th_duke_portland.phtml

  2. Debrett's Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland. [Another] Por John Debrett







The Bulwer-Lytton Bookplates



Sir William Earle Lytton Bulwer, (1799-1877), of Heydon Hall, Norwich


British Ambassador to Turkey. The son of General William Earl Bulwer (1757 – 1807), of Heydon Hall, Norfolk, Colonel of the 108th Regiment known as Norfolk Rangers, and Elizabeth Barbara Warburton-Lytton (1798 – 1843)dau. of Richard Warburton-Lytton (1745-1843), of Knebworth House, in Hertfordshire.

He m. Emily Gascoyne dau. of General Gascoyne.

F. 4330

A shield encircled by a garter bearing the motto, with a helmet and crest above.
Arms: gules on a chevron argent between three eagles close reguardant or as many cinquefoils sable [Bulwer].
Crest: a horned wolf’s head erased.
Motto: Adversis major, par secundis

He used another armorial bookplate (F. 4329) bearing Bulwer quartering Earle, Wiggett and Lytton, (J. Warwick, 145 Strand).

He had two famous brothers:

(William) Henry Lytton Earle Bulwer, 1st Baron Dalling and Bulwer, GCB, PC (1801–1872) was a British Liberal politician, diplomat and writer.
A protégé of Lord Palmerston he was successively attaché at Berlin 1827, Vienna 1829, The Hague 1830 and at Paris 1832-33; then he was elected M.P. for Wilton 1830, Coventry 1831-35 and Marylebone 1835-37. Again in the diplomatic service he was Chargé d'affaires, Brussels, 1835-37, Secretary of embassy at Constantinople1837-38, Secretary of embassy at Paris, 1839-43, Minister-Plenipotentiary and Envoy-Extra-ordinary at Madrid, 1843-48, at Washington, 1849-52 and at Florence, 1852-55.
Finally in 1858 he was appointed Ambassador Extraordinary at Constantinople till 1865. Married the Hon. Georgiana Charlotte Mary Wellesley dau. of 1st Baron Cowley and niece to Sir Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.
See F. 4333 anonymous armorial bookplate with supporters

And the youngest, Lord Edward George Earle Bulwer-Lytton (1803-1873), novelist, poet, playwright, and politician, 1st Baron Lytton of Knebworth.

The latter's son also had a bookplate:

Lord Edward Robert Bulwer Lytton (1831-1891) 2nd Baron Lytton, 1st. Earl of Lytton
cr. Viscount Knebworth, of Knebworth (1873) in the County of Hertford, and 1st Earl of Lytton (1880), in the County of Derby.

Diplomat and writer, also known as Owen Meredith.
The son of Lord Edward George Earle Bulwer-Lytton (1803-1873), novelist, poet, playwright, and politician, 1st Baron Lytton of Knebworth (cr. 1866) and of Rosina Doyle Wheeler (1802 – 1882), dau. of Francis Massy Wheeler and Ms Doyle. Known till he was knighted in 1837, as Edward Lytton Bulwer, he is considered one of the most accomplished writers of his day.

Lord Robert Lytton married Edith Villiers (1841-1936), dau. of Edward Villiers and Elizabeth Liddell, Lady-in-Waiting to Queens Victoria and Alexandra and niece of Lord Clarendon.

Lord Lytton in 1866 was secretary of the British Legation in Lisbon where he returned in 1874 as Minister. From 1876 to 1880 he was Viceroy and Governor-General of India appointed by Disraeli and in 1887 was appointed British Ambassador to France till his death in 1891.
F. 19016
Arms: Quarterly of 6; 1 and 6 – Lytton and Bulwer, quarterly; 2 – Bulwer; 3 – Earle; 4 – Warburton; 5 – Norreys.
Thanks are due to Mr. Anthony Pincott of The Bookplate Society for letting me have the image of this bookplate, known in Portuguese collections due to the bearer's connection with Portugal.
Bibliography: E. Neill Raymond, Victorian Viceroy: The Life of Robert, the First Earl of Lytton, Regency Press, 1980; Aurelia Brooks Harlan, Owen Meredith: A Critical Biography of Robert, First Earl of Lytton, Columbia University press, 1946; Edward Robert Bulwer Lytton Lytton, The Poetical Works of Owen Meredith (Robert, Lord Lytton), T. Y. Crowell, 1884

Wednesday, 24 September 2008

Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley



Richard Colley Wesley, later Wellesley, KG PC (1760 – 1842), 2nd Earl of Mornington and 1st Marquess Wellesley



Richard Wellesley was the eldest son of Garret Wesley, 1st Earl of Mornington (1735-1781) and the Hon. Anne Hill-Trevor, eldest daughter of the banker Arthur Hill-Trevor, 1st Lord Dungannon.
His also distinguished brothers were the Hon. William Wellesley-Pole, 1st Baron Maryborough (1763–1845), Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1769-1852) and Henry Wellesley, 1st Baron Cowley (1773 – 1847).
William Pitt, the Younger, of whom Lord Mornington was a staunch supporter, appointed him Lord of the Treasury in 1784 and later, in 1797, Governor-General of India. Under his rule which lasted till 1805, British power in India was rapidly extended by fighting and defeating the French and their allies namely, the Nizam of Hyderabad and Tippoo Sultan and by submitting the Maratha and all other princes, virtually laying the basis of the British Imperial rule in India.
In 1783, on the foundation of the The Most Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick, king Geoge III made Lord Mornington a Knight and in 1799 was made Marquess of Wellesley in the Peerage of Ireland.
In 1809, during the Peninsular War, Lord Wellesley was appointed ambassador to Spain and in December, following the resignation of George Canning which led to the fall of the Duke of Portland’s Cabinet, became Foreign Secretary, under Spencer Perceval, till he was succeeded by Castlereagh in 1812.
Lord Wellesley was an advocate of Catholic Emancipation, a critic of the Congress of Vienna and the European settlement that came out of it, namely the destruction of the Republic of Venice and the partition of Poland.
In 1821, he was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and favoring Catholic emancipation, the excesses of the Orange faction were firmly repressed. In 1828, Lord Mornington resigned upon his brother, Lord Wellington, who opposed Catholic emancipation, having become Prime Minister.

From his mistress Hyacinthe-Gabrielle Roland, with whom he married in 1794, Lord Mornington had a daughter Anne Wellesley (1788 - 1875) who married 1stly., on 1806, Sir William Abdy, 7th Baronet; 2ndly. on 1816, after she was granted a divorce, her lover and former husband’s friend Lord William Charles Augustus Cavendish-Bentinck, a younger son of William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland and Lady Dorothy Cavendish.
Through their third child Reverend Charles William Frederick Cavendish-Bentinck (1817- 1865) they were the grand-parents of H.M. the Queen Mother and through their younger son Lt.-Gen. Arthur Cavendish-Bentinck (1819 - 1877) m. to Elizabeth Sophia Hawkins-Whitshed they were the grand parents of William Cavendish-Bentinck, 6th Duke of Portland.

F. 31282

Arms: Wellesley quartering Colley encircled by the Collar of the Order of St. Patrick and on a circlet the Order’s Motto (Quis separabit?) and date of the order’s foundation.
Crests – 1st., out of a ducal coronet or, a demi-lion gu. holding a banner purp. charged with an etoile, radiated, wavy, surmounted by a pennon ar., charged with the crown of St. George. A motto over this crest, Porro unum est necessarium; 2nd., a cubit arm, erect, vested…enfiled with a ducal coronet…, cuff…, holding a staff, bendways. Motto over this crest Virtutis fortuna comes.

The bookplate must date from after 1783, when Lord Mornington was made a Knight of St. Patrick but before 1799, when he was made Marquess of Wellesley, after which he received augmentations of honour to the arms and crests.

Tuesday, 23 September 2008

Lady Mary Broughton-Delves


Lady Mary Hill Broughton-Delves (d. 1813)



F 3936
Arms: Broughton (?) impaling Hill (Barons of Berwick, of Attingham)
Spade shield


Dau. of Thomas Hill, of Tern co. Salop, and of his 2nd wife Susan-Maria Noel, co-heir of William Noel Judge of the Common Pleas.
She m. 1stly. Sir Bryan Broughton-Delves, 5th baronet (1740-1766), the son of Sir Brian Broughton-Delves, 4th Baronet (1717–1744); m. 2ndly. Henry Errington of Redrice, co. Southampton
Lady Mary was the sister of Thomas Noel-Hill, Baron Berwick, of Attingham, co. Salop. (cr. 1784).
Apparently Lady Mary used another bookplate after her marriage to Henry Errington (see, F. 3835 – Arms: Errington impalling Hill.


Sources: Edmund Lodge, The Genealogy of the Existing British Peerage and Baronetage, 1859, p. 92

Sir Charles James Fox Bunbury, 8th Baronet



Sir Charles James Fox Bunbury (1809-1886), 8th Baronet, of Barton Hall, Bury, Suffolk

F. 4334

Arms: Bunbury quartering Hanmer, North and ......, impaling Horner.
Motto: Esse Quam Videri

This bookplate was most probably made after Sir Charles succeeded his father in the Baronetcy, in 1860.

He was the son of Lt.-Gen. Sir Henry Edward Bunbury, (1778-1860), 7th Bt. and Louisa Emilia Fox dau. of General the Hon. Henry Edward Fox (1771-1811) who was the younger brother of Charles James Fox.
His aunt Caroline Amelia Fox was m. to Lt.-Gen. Sir William Francis Patrick Napier, who fought in the Peninsular War and wrote History of the war in the peninsula and in the south of France : from the year 1807 to the year 1814. His brother was Lieut. General Sir George Thomas Napier (1784-1855), also a veteran from the Peninsular War and Commander-in-Chief of the Army in the Cape Colony.
He married Frances Joanna Horner, daughter of Leonard Horner, on 31 May 1844 whose elder sister Mary Horner was married to the geologist Charles Lyell.
A famous botanist and plant collector, accompanied Lieutenant-General Sir George Napier to Cape of Good Hope in 1837, elected to the Royal Society in 1851, author of numerous papers on Geographical Botany and on Fossil Plants.
Published Journal of a Residence at the Cape of Good Hope in 1848; and Botanical Fragments in 1883, botanical observations made in South Africa & South America. His wife published Life, Letters, and Journals of Sir Charles J.F. Bunbury, Bart., edited by Frances Joanna Bunbury, 3 vols., London 1894.
In 1833-35 he visited Argentina Uruguay and Brazil travelling from from Rio de Janeiro to Minas Gerais where his uncle Henry Fox - an amateur botanist - was H.M. Minister (see, Sir Charles James Fox Bunbury, Brazil, Account of a Journey in Brazil in 1833-35, and Portuguese translation, Narrativa de viagem de um naturalista ingles ao Rio de Janeiro e Minas Gerais, 1833-35, Imprensa Nacional: Rio de Janeiro, 1943).
In 1853-54 he travelled to Madeira where he also collected a herbarium.

Sir Charles brother, who would succeed him as the 8th Bart., Sir Edward Herbert Bunbury was also a member of parliament, a well known geographer and archaeologist, and author of a History of Ancient Geography. Their younger brother Colonel Henry William St Pierre Bunbury, soldier, author and politician and an explorer in Western Australia.

Another bookplate is known to have been used by Sir Charles bearing the Bunbury crest but not reported by in the Frank’s collection.

See also F. 4336 F. 4337 – Bookplates of his father Lt.-General Sir Henry Edward Bunbury, 7th Bart, with different arms, the first Bunbury impalling Fox and the second made after his 2nd m. (1830) to Emily Louisa Napier, Bunbury impalling Napier quartering Scot.
Sources: Ray Desmond & Christine Ellwood, Dictionary of British and Irish Botanists and Horticulturists: Including Plant Collectors, Flower Painters, and Garden Designers, CRC Press, 1994

Monday, 22 September 2008

John Campbell, of Stackpole Court, Pembroke


John Campbell (1695-1777), of Stackpole Court, Pembroke


The son of Sir Alexander Campbell of Cawdor (d. 1697) and of Elizabeth Lort (1665- who inherited the Stackpole estate upon her brother’s death in 1698.
A supporter of the Hanoverian Succession he married in 1726 Mary, daughter and co-heiress of Lewis Pryse of Gogerddan, in Cardiganshire, a Jacobite sympathiser.
His eldest son Pryse Campbell having predeceased him, he was succeeded by his grandson John Campbell (1755-1821) M.P. and a supporter of Lord North and later of the younger Pitt's war policy. In 1789 he married Isabella Caroline, eldest daughter of Frederick Howard, 5th Earl of Carlisle, by Margaret Caroline, daughter of Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford. by whom he had two sons, John Frederick, and George, who became an admiral. It was probably through his support of Pitt that he was created Baron Cawdor of Castlemartin in 1796.
His great grandson John Frederick Campbell, 2nd Baron Cawdor of Castlemartin was created 1st Viscount Emlyn of Emlyn (1827) and 1st Earl Cawdor of Castlemartin (1827).
Another Scottish Family, an offspring of the clan Argyll, who settled for several generations in Wales owing to the inheritance of large estates there, before returning to Scotland.
Arms: Quarterly; 1 - or a stag’s head cabossed sable attired gules (Canhlder) ; 2 - gyronny of eight or and sable (Campbell); 3 - argent a lymphad, oars in action, sable (Lorn); 4 - per fess azure and gules a corss or; over all a shield of pretence or a lion rampant regardant sable (Lort of Stackpoole Court). On an escutcheon of pretence Pryse of Gogirthen.
Crest: a swan proper ducally crowned
Motto: Be mindful
NIF
Sources:
  1. http://members.lycos.co.uk/John_Richards/estate.htm - A short history of Satckpole
  2. http://www.terrynorm.ic24.net/dynevor%20cawdor.htm Cawdor’s of South Wales
  3. http://www.scotsconnection.com/clan_crests/Campbell%20of%20Cawdor.htm Clan Campbell of Cawdor

Monday, 8 September 2008

John Pool Baratty



John Pool Baratty (1760-1807)



Book collector.
Spade shield with mantle
Motto: Je mets mon espéranc e en Dieu
F 1395