Monday, 31 December 2007

Duke of Gordon

Cosmo George Gordon, KT, 3rd Duke of Gordon and 6th Marquess of Huntly (1721-1752)

Arms: Quarterly: 1st azure, three boars’ heads couped or, Gordon; 2nd or, three lions’ heads erased gules, langued azure, Badenoch; 3rd or, three crescents within a double tressure flory counter-flory gules, Seton; 4th azure, three cinquefoils argent, Fraser.
F1225 – attributes it with doubts

He was the son of General Alexander Gordon, (c. 1678– 1728), Earl of Enzie, 5th Marquess of Huntly & 2nd Duke of Gordon and Lady Henrietta Mordaunt, dau. of General Charles Mordaunt, 3rd Earl of Peterborough.
He married Lady Catherine Gordon, daughter of Sir William Gordon, 2nd Earl of Aberdeen by his 2nd. wife Lady Susan Murray.
His grandfather George, 1st Duke of Gordon despite having given allegiance to William of Orange was always suspected of professing sympathies for the legitimate Stuart exiled King and was prosecuted till his death in the reign of George I.
His father, the 2nd Duke, travelled vastly in Europe and was a close friend of Cosimo III Medici, Grand-Duke of Tuscany. He joined the Jacobite uprising of 1715 commanding a cavalry unit under General Mar but then submitted to the government and was imprisoned for a short period.
The 3rd. Duke refused to join the Jacobite Rising of 1745, unlike his younger brother Lord Lewis Gordon who took an active part in it saving the honour of the Family. But this standing made him being created a Knight of the Order of the Thistle and being elected a representative peer for Scotland (1747-1752). See, however, mentioning the possibility of the Duke having secretly supportted the Jacobites.
The titles of Lord Gordon of Badenoch, Earl of Enzie and Marquess of Huntly were created by King James I on 17th April 1599, on behalf of George Gordon, 6th Earl of Huntly. His eldest son George Gordon, 2nd Marquess (1592-1649) was a royalist and was beheaded at Edinburgh by order of the Scots Parliament.
The latter’s grandson the 4th Marquess was created Duke of Gordon after the Restoration by Charles II on November 1684 in recognition for the family’s support during and after the Civil War. An uncle of the 4th Marquess, Charles Gordon had also been created Earl of Aboyne in 1661.
See, Clan Gordon

Sources: Historic Earls and Earldoms of Scotland - Chapter III - Earldom and Earls of Huntly
Debrett’s Peerage, Barotenage & Knightage, London, 1904

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