Wednesday, 28 February 2007

Howards, Dukes of Norfolk

The Howards - Dukes of Norfolk, Earls of Arundel and Earl Marshalls of England are one of the most prominent English families, known for its recusancy and fidelity to the Roman Catholic faith. They descend from John Howard, the son of Thomas Mowbray's elder daughter Margaret who, for his support to Richard III's claim to the throne, was created 1st Duke of Norfolk in 1483, in the title's third creation. Throughout times they survived the up and downs of English politics and achieved a high degree of favour with the Kings of England which can be symbolised by the fact that not less than 9 Dukes were invested as members of the exclusive Order of the Garter.
According to Frank's not less than three Dukes and two Duchesses of Norfolk used bookplates. Also their kinsman Barons Howard of Glossop and the Howards of Greystock used bookplates. Other members of the Howard family from other lines also used bookplates namely, the the Earls of Suffolk and Berkshire, the 9th Earl of Carlisle and the Earls of Effingham.


Edward Howard, 9th Duke of Norfolk and Earl Marshall (1685/6-1777)

Earl of Norwich, Baron Howard of Castle Rising Baron Furnivall,22nd Baron Mowbray &, Baron Segrave

The son of Lord Thomas Howard (bef1662-1689) and Lady Mary Elizabeth Savile (bef1667-1732) and grandson of Henry Howard 6th Duke of Norfolk and Lady Anne Somerset daughter of Edward Somerset, 2nd Marquess of Worcester.
He succeeded his brother Thomas Howard (1683-1732), 8th Duke of Norfolk who died without male issue, to the the titles of 9th Duke and 18th Baron Furnivall.
He married Mary Blount (bef1712-1773), daughter of Edward Blount and Anne Guise.
On his death without a male heir, the title of Duke of Norfolk passed to his cousin Charles Howard (1720-1786), 10th Duke, the son of Henry Charles Howard, Lord of Greystoke (d.1720) and great grandson of Henry Frederick Howard, Earl of Arundel & Surrey (1608-1652) who was also the great grandfather of the 9th Duke.
Arms - Quarterly: 1st gules, a bend between six cross-crosslets fitchée argent; on the bend an escutcheon or, charged with a demi-lion rampant, pierced through the mouth by an arrow, within a tressure flory counterflory of the first Howard; 2nd England, with a label of three points argent Thomas of Brotherton; 3rd checky or and azure Warenn; 4th gules a lion rampant or, armed and langued Azure Mowbray. Crest: on a chapeau gules, turned up ermine a lion statant gardant with tail extended or gorged with a ducal coronet argent Thomas of Brotherton. Supporters: Dexter, a lion argent; Sinister, a horse argent with an acorn slipped in his mouth. Motto: Sola Virtus Invicta (Virtue alone is unconquerable). The Batons: Placed behind the shield two gold batons in saltire enamelled at the end sable, which represent the Duke of Norfolk's office as Earl Marshal and Hereditary Marshal of England.
F 15479 - Jacobean Armorial
Sources: Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage, 1904 and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duke_of_Norfolk#Coat_of_arms




Henry Charles Howard, 13th Duke of Norfolk, KG, PC and Earl Marshall (1791 – 1856)

He was the son of Bernard Edward Howard (1865-1842), 12th Duke of Norfolk, KG, and Lady Elizabeth Belasyse (1770-1819), daughter of Henry Belasyse, 2nd Earl of Fauconberg, who had succeeded his kinsman Charles Howard 11th Duke of Norfolk (1746-1815). His grandfather, Henry Howard (1713-1787) m. to Juliana Molyneux (1749-1808), was another great-grandson of Henry Frederick Howard, 22nd Earl of Arundel and Surrey (1608-1652).
Being a Privy Counsellor since 1827, after the Catholic Emancipation Act, he took the oath and his seat in the House of Commons (the first Catholic since the Reformation).he was an MP from 1829-1841 having left the House of Commons in 1842, upon succeeding as Duke of Norfolk. In 1848 was invested as a Knight of the Garter like his father had been in 1834. He also hold the offices of Treasurer of the Household (1837–1841), Master of the Horse (1846–1852) and Lord Steward of the Household (1853–1854).
He married Charlotte Sophia Leveson-Gower daughter of George Leveson-Gower, 1st Duke of Sutherland and among their children were Henry Granville Fitzalan-Howard, 14th Duke of Norfolk, Lord Edward George Fitzalan-Howard, PC, 1st Baron Howard of Glossop and Lord Bernard Thomas Fitzalan-Howard.
Upon the death without male issue of Bernard Marmaduke Fitzalan-Howard16TH Duke of Norfolk (1908-1975) - the 13th Dukes's great grandson, the title fell on Major-General Miles Francis Stapleton-Fitzalan-Howard, 17th Duke of Norfolk, KG, GCVO, CB, CBE, MC DL (1915 – 2002), who was a great- grandson of Lord Edward George Fitzalan-Howard, PC, 1st Baron Howard of Glossop.
Same Arms as above with the garter of the Order of the Garter surrounding the shield.
F 15481 - Seal Armorial.

Bibliography: Robinson, John Martin. The Dukes of Norfolk: A Quincentennial History. Oxford University Press, 1982

Sources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duke_of_Norfolk

http://www.geocities.com/tudorgenealogist/Norfolk.htm

lhttp://www.rotherhamweb.co.uk/h/norfolk.htm

http://www.arundelcastle.org/_pages/01_castle.htm

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