Wednesday, 28 February 2007

Howards, Dukes of Norfolk

The Howards - Dukes of Norfolk, Earls of Arundel and Earl Marshalls of England are one of the most prominent English families, known for its recusancy and fidelity to the Roman Catholic faith. They descend from John Howard, the son of Thomas Mowbray's elder daughter Margaret who, for his support to Richard III's claim to the throne, was created 1st Duke of Norfolk in 1483, in the title's third creation. Throughout times they survived the up and downs of English politics and achieved a high degree of favour with the Kings of England which can be symbolised by the fact that not less than 9 Dukes were invested as members of the exclusive Order of the Garter.
According to Frank's not less than three Dukes and two Duchesses of Norfolk used bookplates. Also their kinsman Barons Howard of Glossop and the Howards of Greystock used bookplates. Other members of the Howard family from other lines also used bookplates namely, the the Earls of Suffolk and Berkshire, the 9th Earl of Carlisle and the Earls of Effingham.

Edward Howard, 9th Duke of Norfolk and Earl Marshall (1685/6-1777)

Earl of Norwich, Baron Howard of Castle Rising Baron Furnivall,22nd Baron Mowbray &, Baron Segrave

The son of Lord Thomas Howard (bef1662-1689) and Lady Mary Elizabeth Savile (bef1667-1732) and grandson of Henry Howard 6th Duke of Norfolk and Lady Anne Somerset daughter of Edward Somerset, 2nd Marquess of Worcester.
He succeeded his brother Thomas Howard (1683-1732), 8th Duke of Norfolk who died without male issue, to the the titles of 9th Duke and 18th Baron Furnivall.
He married Mary Blount (bef1712-1773), daughter of Edward Blount and Anne Guise.
On his death without a male heir, the title of Duke of Norfolk passed to his cousin Charles Howard (1720-1786), 10th Duke, the son of Henry Charles Howard, Lord of Greystoke (d.1720) and great grandson of Henry Frederick Howard, Earl of Arundel & Surrey (1608-1652) who was also the great grandfather of the 9th Duke.
Arms - Quarterly: 1st gules, a bend between six cross-crosslets fitchée argent; on the bend an escutcheon or, charged with a demi-lion rampant, pierced through the mouth by an arrow, within a tressure flory counterflory of the first Howard; 2nd England, with a label of three points argent Thomas of Brotherton; 3rd checky or and azure Warenn; 4th gules a lion rampant or, armed and langued Azure Mowbray. Crest: on a chapeau gules, turned up ermine a lion statant gardant with tail extended or gorged with a ducal coronet argent Thomas of Brotherton. Supporters: Dexter, a lion argent; Sinister, a horse argent with an acorn slipped in his mouth. Motto: Sola Virtus Invicta (Virtue alone is unconquerable). The Batons: Placed behind the shield two gold batons in saltire enamelled at the end sable, which represent the Duke of Norfolk's office as Earl Marshal and Hereditary Marshal of England.
F 15479 - Jacobean Armorial
Sources: Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage, 1904 and

Henry Charles Howard, 13th Duke of Norfolk, KG, PC and Earl Marshall (1791 – 1856)

He was the son of Bernard Edward Howard (1865-1842), 12th Duke of Norfolk, KG, and Lady Elizabeth Belasyse (1770-1819), daughter of Henry Belasyse, 2nd Earl of Fauconberg, who had succeeded his kinsman Charles Howard 11th Duke of Norfolk (1746-1815). His grandfather, Henry Howard (1713-1787) m. to Juliana Molyneux (1749-1808), was another great-grandson of Henry Frederick Howard, 22nd Earl of Arundel and Surrey (1608-1652).
Being a Privy Counsellor since 1827, after the Catholic Emancipation Act, he took the oath and his seat in the House of Commons (the first Catholic since the Reformation).he was an MP from 1829-1841 having left the House of Commons in 1842, upon succeeding as Duke of Norfolk. In 1848 was invested as a Knight of the Garter like his father had been in 1834. He also hold the offices of Treasurer of the Household (1837–1841), Master of the Horse (1846–1852) and Lord Steward of the Household (1853–1854).
He married Charlotte Sophia Leveson-Gower daughter of George Leveson-Gower, 1st Duke of Sutherland and among their children were Henry Granville Fitzalan-Howard, 14th Duke of Norfolk, Lord Edward George Fitzalan-Howard, PC, 1st Baron Howard of Glossop and Lord Bernard Thomas Fitzalan-Howard.
Upon the death without male issue of Bernard Marmaduke Fitzalan-Howard16TH Duke of Norfolk (1908-1975) - the 13th Dukes's great grandson, the title fell on Major-General Miles Francis Stapleton-Fitzalan-Howard, 17th Duke of Norfolk, KG, GCVO, CB, CBE, MC DL (1915 – 2002), who was a great- grandson of Lord Edward George Fitzalan-Howard, PC, 1st Baron Howard of Glossop.
Same Arms as above with the garter of the Order of the Garter surrounding the shield.
F 15481 - Seal Armorial.

Bibliography: Robinson, John Martin. The Dukes of Norfolk: A Quincentennial History. Oxford University Press, 1982



Tuesday, 27 February 2007

Philip Southcote

Philip Southcote (16981758) created an early example of the English landscape garden at Woburn (sometimes Wooburn) Farm, near Addlestone, Surrey. It was the original ferme ornée ("decorative farm"), a term invented by Stephen Switzer in 1741 [1].
Southcote bought the small property in 1735. Woburn Farm's grotto and architectural garden follies, arches and gateways, some features designed by William Kent, including the existing rusticated en
trance that marks the entrance from the public road, soon attracted stylish visitors who made the serpentine circuit of the garden, passing from feature to feature: "all my design at first was to have a garden on the middle high ground and a walk all round my farm, for convenience as well as pleasure" Southcote wrote [2]. A feature of Woburn Farm was a walk planted with broom, roses, lilac, columbine, peonies and sweet william, which wound its way through the fields, for it remained a working farm [3].
Like William Shenstone's Arcadian garden, the Leasowes, Woburn Farm was highly influential in disseminating the landscape garden; it received an extended description in Thomas Whateley's Observations on modern gardening. In a letter in 1751, Horace Walpole wrote rather peevishly of Capability Brown's landscaping at Warwick Castle, "The castle is enchanting; the view pleased me more than I can express, the river Avon tumbles down a cascade at the foot of it. It is well laid out by one Brown who has set up on a few ideas of Kent and Mr. Southcote." Later in life, summing up his thoughts in his Essay On Modern Gardening, Walpole divided types of gardens in the "modern" naturalistic style into three: "into the garden that connects itself with a park, into the ornamented farm, and into the forest or savage garden". To Southcote Walpole gives the credit for the idealized farm. [4].
Southcote was a friend of leading writers and gardeners of his day, including Pope, Lord Burlington, Lord Petre, and William Kent. His house is now occupied by St. George's College, and some features survive.

F. 27621 Southcote, Philip, Esqr. Southesk or ...

Philip Southcote married Anne Pulteney, (widiw of the 2nd duke of cleveland) daughter of Sir William Pulteney and Grace Corbet, circa 5 August 1733.1 He died before October 1758.1 Philip Southcote lived at Chertsey, Surrey, England.1

Apollonie de la Rochelambert

Apollonie de la Rochelambert, comtesse de Valon (1825-1904)

Daughter of a French father émigré in Prussia and of a Russian Lady, she lived many years in Berlin having returned to France in 1845. She married in 1846 the Count Léon de Valon, b. 1811, former secretary at the French Embassy in Vienna, a member of the Chamber of Deputés in 1842. A keen horseman he was one of the founders of the prestigious Jockey Club. Living in Paris and at the Château de Rosay, the Countess maintained a literary salon which became famous.
The bookplate was engraved by Lancelée or by Trouchon (?), bearing the arms of the Valon and De La Rochelambert families
GMN L0937


Wiggishoff,Jacques-Charles, Dictionnaire des dessinateurs et graveurs d'ex-libris français, Paris, 1915, p. 229Clément-Simon, Gustave, La comtesse de Valon : Apollonie de la Rochelambert. Souvenirs de sa vie ; Sa famille - ses amis - ses correspondants, Paris: Plon. 1909.

Monday, 26 February 2007

H. M. Victoria Eugenia, Queen of Spain

H. M. Victoria Eugenia of Battenberg, Queen of Spain (1887-1969)

Insc.:Victoria Eugenia Hispaniarum Regina
Artist: Stern, Paris
Tech.: C1 or C2
She was the daughter of Prince Henry of Battenberg and of Princess Beatrice, Queen Victoria's youngest daughter. Married May 31, 1906, at Madrid, the young King Alfonso XIII of Spain, at St. Jerome Church.
On the proclamation of the Republic in April 1931, the Queen left for Paris with her children and then to Rome with her husband where she lived till the King died in 1941. She then took residence in Lausanne where she lived till her death.
In 1968, after 37 years of exile the Queen returned to Spain for the baptism of her great grandchild Prince Philip de Borbón, elder son of the future King Don Juan Carlos I and of Princess Sophia of Greece. In 1985, her remains were taken to the Monastery of San Lorenzo de Escorial.
She is the grandmother of King Juan Carlos I, of Spain and of Prince Alfonso, former duc of Cadix and of Anjou.
Bibliography: Ricardo de la Cierva, Victoria Eugenia, el veneno en la sangre, Planeta, Barcelona, 1995

Bookplate of Alphonse II, Duc d'Anjou

Monseigneur Alphonse II
Duke of Anjou and of Cádiz (20.04.1936 - 30.01.1989)

Insc. Ex Libris Ducis Andegavensis et Gaditensis
Artist: Composition by Hervé Pinoteau, Alain de Jenlis, fecit
Arms: Parti de France et Navarre. Pending, the Collars of the Orders of the Golden Fleece, the Saint Esprit and Saint Michel.

The late Duke of Anjou and of Cadix was the chef du nom et armes de France, being the Head of the Bourbon Family. He also bore the Royal Arms of Spain, being as he was a member of the Spanish Royal Family, son of Dom Jaime, Duke of Segovia and the eldest grand-son of King Alphonse XIII.

The arms of the late Prince Alphonse, Duke of Anjou and of Cadix, Head of the Royal House of France
The bookplate of the late Duke of Anjou was kindly provided by the editors of «Communication & Tradition», Paris, publishers of former «Bourbons Magazine».
Bibliography: for the House of France and the Bourbon Family see, Hervé Pinoteau, «Les Pleines Armes de France, de Clovis au Duc d'Anjou», Léopard d'Or, Paris, 1995; idem, « État Présent de la Maison de Bourbon», 4ème ed., Léopard d'Or, Paris, 1991; idem, «L'Héraldique Capétienne en 1976», Nouvelles Éditions Latines, Paris, 1977; idem, «La structure de la maison royale», in «FIDELIS», # 3, (1990), SICRE, Paris, 1990, pp. 1-11; Marc Dem, «Le Duc d'Anjou m'a dit», Perrin, Paris, 1989; Prince Sixte de Bourbon de Parme, «Le Traité d'Utrecht et les lois fondamentales du royaume», Paris, 1914; Charles Giraud, «Le Traité d'Utrecht», 2nd ed,. Communication & Tradition, Paris, 1997; Roland Mousnier, «Institutions de France sous la monarchie absolue», Paris, 1980;Th. Deryssel, «Mémoire sur les droits de la Maison d'Anjou à la Couronne de France», 3rd. ed., Le Léopard d'Or, Paris, 1983.

Ecclesiastical Bookplates (Italy - XVIIIth)

Here follows a selection of Italian Bookplates from the XVIII th century belonging to ecclesiastical bearers.

D. Angelo Calogierà (1699-1768)

Abbot of the Convent of San Giorgio Maggiore(c. 1740) - Gelli, p. 320

A monk of the Camaldolese Order was the Librarian of the Monastery of San Michele di Murano. Wrote "Raccolta d’Opuscoli scientifici e filologici", Venezia, S. Occhi 1757, "Nuova raccolta d’opuscoli scientifici e filologici " and "Memorie intorno alla vita di M. Luca De Renaldis vescovo di Trieste consigliere intimo dell'imperadore Massimiliano I e suo ambasciatore a molte corti sovrane d'Europa", Venice, 1753.

The monastery of San Michele di Murano, near Venice hold a Benedictine community called the Camaldolese to whom belonged Gregory XVI (1765 - 1846) the last monk to be elected pope and the last non-bishop to be elected.
After the conquest of Italy by Napoleon, the religious orders were suprressed in Italy and the Monastry of San Michele di Murano was dissolved and its huge and rich Library was confiscated and placed in public libraries, the remaining 18,000 volumes were sold at a public auction.
Chateaubriand visited the Monastery and refers to it in his Mémoires d’Outre-Tombe (François de Chateaubriand, Mémoires d’outre-tombe, Book XXXIX)

Giovanni Baptista Alciatore (1727)

Protonotary Apostolic

Conte Pietro Rotari, sculp. - Gelli, #14, p. 8

Sergio Sersale (Napoli-Roma) c. 1770

Vicario Patriarchale di S. Giovanne in Laterano - Gelli, # 977


(Firenze e Siena) c. 1790

Gelli, # 11

Friday, 23 February 2007

The Bookplate of Prince TALLEYRAND

Son of Charles de Talleyrand-Périgord, count of Talleyrand (1734-1788) and Alexandrine de Damas Victoire Eléonore de Damas (1728 - ?).
His great grandmother Marie Françoise de Rochechouart (1686-1771) princess of Chalais, dau of Louis de Rochechouart, 3rd duke of Mortemart married Michel Chamillart (1689-1716) son of the Minister of Louis XIV. His uncle, the archbishop of Reims Alexandre Angélique de Talleyrand-Périgord, later archbishop and cardinal of Paris protected him.

Ordained priest in 1779, nine years later he was appointed by Louis XVI Bishop of Autun and later elected deputy of the clergy to the States General. Having become strongly involved in the revolutionary activities of the National Assembly he resigned as bishop of Autun on January 13, 1791. During the Reign of Terror, the National Convention ordered his arrest but Talleyrand had wisely already left for England and then to the United States remaining in exile till 1796.
For two years (1797-99) during the Directory under the powerful Barras and the protection of Mme. de Staël Talleyrand was Minister of Foreign Affairs. He then played a major role on the rise of General Bonaparte through the coup d'état of 18 Brumaire which led to the fall of Barras and of the Directory and the establishment of the Consulate with Bonaparte as First Consul. The latter appointed Talleyrand as Minister of Foreign Affairs.
In 1803, Talleyrand bought the château of Valençay.
The Royalist plots against Napoleon continued and Talleyrand convinced the First Consul on the necessity of arresting the Duke of Enghien, then in Baden, and of his execution. After a mock trial in Paris, the Duke of Enghien was executed at Vincennes.
On the advent of the Empire Talleyrand was appointed Grand Chamberlain in 1804 and two years later was made Prince of Benevento. Plotting against the Emperor after Erfurt Talleyrand fell in disgrace with Napoleon in January 1809.
After the Restoration he served Louis XVIII and ended up as Ambassador to England.

Apparently, he used 4 different bookplates, the one shown being the largest and was used for the Library at the Château de Valençay (see, on the subject M. Benoit Junod’s notes at

Emmanuel de Waresquiel, Talleyrand ou le miroir trompeur, Somogy, 2005
Emmanuel de Waresquiel, Talleyrand, le prince immobile, Fayard, 2003
Jean-Pierre Friedman, Moi, Charles-Maurice Talleyrand, Traboules, 2003
Guglielmo Ferrero, Talleyrand au congrès de Vienne, Fallois, 1996
Jean Orieux, Talleyrand, Flammarion 1998
David Lawday, Napoleon's Master: A Life of Prince Talleyrand, London, Jonathan Cape, 2006.

Tuesday, 6 February 2007

William Fowler Hopson (1849 - 1935)

Born in Watertown, Connecticut, he was a distinguished artist – a painter, engraver and illustrator. He dedicated particular attention to bookplates having made his first etching in 1892.

Sydney Lawton Smith - a Boston engraver

Isaac Rand Thomas

Sydney Lawton Smith (1845-1929)

Born in Boston, Sydney Lawton Smith became a well-known engraver, bookplate artist and book illustrator namely, for Paul Revere and His Engraving (1901) and New York as Washington Knew It after the Revolution (1905), published by W. Lorin Andrews.
Lawton Smith engraved armorial and pictorial bookplates many of which were for institutional Libraries such as the American Antiquarian Society, the Bangor Public Library State Fund, the Bolton Public Library, the Boston Medical Library Billings Fund, the Bowdoin College Library: Class of 1875, the Burnham Library of Architecture, The Children's Hospital, Boston, the Public Library: District of Columbia, The Essex Institute: Ward Memorial Fund, several for the Harvard College Library, the Massachusetts Historical Society,.
S. Lawton Smith’s bookplates are well represented in the Lewis Stark Bookplate Collection at the University of new Hampshire (see,
Sidney Lawton Smith: Letters to William Loring Andrews and Engravings, 1901-1917 at,%20S.L..htm
Allen, Charles Dexter, American Book-Plates. A Guide to Their Study. With a Bibliography by E. N. Hewins, New York: Hacker Art Books, 1968. Reprint of the 1895 edition
Allen, Francis Wilbur, The Golden Age of American Bookplate Design (1890-1925), paper addressed to the XVIth International Exlibris Congress of FISAE, in Lisbon, 1976, in «A ARTE DO EX-LÍBRIS», # 79, Braga, 1976;
Butler, William E. & Butler, Darlene J., The Golden Era of American Bookplate Design: 1890-1940, London Bookplate Society 1986
Smith, Amy G. & Teall, Gardner, Sidney Lawton Smith: Designer, Etcher, Engraver, C. E. Goodspeed & Co.: Boston, 1931

Edwin Davis French

John Page Woodbury (1894)

Herman Simon (Thomas Tyron del., E. D. French, sculp.)
Harvard College Library - Hohenzollern Colection (1904)

William Beverley Rogers (1902)

Mary Bryant Sprague (1904)

C. L. F. Robinson (Newport, Rhode Isl.) (1900)

Edwin Davis French (1851 - 1906)

According to Mary E. Oemisch, «Edwin Davis French began his artistic career in 1869, when he joined the Whiting Manufacturing Company as a silver engraver. He soon achieved eminence in this field, both as a craftsman and as a designer, During his years in New York City he became a leading figure in the Art Students' League, and later became a founding member and trustee of the American Fine Arts Society.
It was not until 1893 that French engraved his first bookplate: his sister-in-law had begun to form a small collection, and as a joke, French engraved a facetious plate and introduced it secretly into her files. When the hoax was discovered, the lady rightly demanded a serious plate in its stead, and the penitent brother-in-law obliged. Thus began the series of 250 ex libris which French made for American and European collectors, and he soon gave up his silver work to spend all his time on the new-found occupation» (in


Ira Hutchinson Brainerd, Edwin Davis French - A Memorial: His Life, His Art, New York: De Vinne Press, 1908
284 Bookplates engraved by Edwin Davis French, sold at auction monday feb'y 16, 1914, at heartman's auction room ... also a short list of other bookplates engraved by french, and a list of dealers and collectors Interested in bookplates, New York, C.E. Heartman, 1914
Catalogue Of The Engravings Issued By The Society Of Iconophiles of the City of NY…, New York: [Society of Iconophiles], 1908
Edwin Davis French papers, 1896-1906:
The Helen Brainerd Lay Collection of bookplates by Edwin Davis French (she was the artist sister-in-law)
Sara Eugenia Blake bookplate Collection late 18th century-mid 20th century
Miss Maud Motley collection of bookplates at the University of Rochester Library
French bookplate for the Grolier Club
The Grolier Club Bookplate Collection