Casimir Pignatelli, (1727-1801)
Marquis de Pignatelli (1750), comte d'Egmont (1753), prince de Gavre, duc de Bisaccia
Chevalier du Toison d'Or (1767), Chevalier de l'Ordre de Saint Louis
Belonging to an illustrious and very old noble family whose destinies dwindled and followed the fate of the Low Countries, one of the most disputed regions of old Europe. Once feudataries of the Holy Roman Empire, then part of the possessions of the the Dukes of Burgundy, part of the heritage of Emperor Charles V and hence a possession of the Spanish Habsburgs, then after thr Treaty of Utrecht an Austrian dominion in its southern part and part of the French Republic and the Napoleonic Empire, till after the Treaty of Vienna of 1815, three sovereign states were formed.
So, these families allegiances varied according to whoever was the dominant suzerain: the Holy Roman Emperor, the Spanish, the Austrians and the French. Various members of this family were Kinghts of the Toison d'Or, eihter of the Spanish or Austrian «branches».
Casimir d'Egmont served the French Crown.
The son of Procope Marie Antoine Philippe Charles Nicolas Augustin, duc de Bisaccia, and Henriette Julie de Durfort de Duras. Started his military career at the Musketeers and in 1744 was mestre de camp of his own Regiment.
Brigadier in 1748, was Aide-de-Champ of Maréchal de Richelieu in Minorca, in 1756, and was promoted to maréchal de camp and Lieutenent General in 1762.
After the Revolution he was an émigré having commanded royalist forces in the former Austrian Low Countries.
He married 1stly., Blanche Alphonsine de Saint-Séverin d’Aragon; 2ndly, Sophie Louise Armande Septimanie de Vignerot du Plessis de Richelieu and 3rdly., in 1788, Claire Marie Farely.
His second wife was the niece of the powerful and wealthy Cardinal de Richelieu.