Tuesday, 31 October 2006

William Dowdeswell - Chancellor of the Exchequer

William Dowdeswell, Esq. (1721–1775)
(revised March, 31st 2007)


A son of William Dowdeswell of Pull Court, Bushley, Worcestershire, M.P. and Sheriff of Worcestershire and of Anne Hammond . He was educated at Westminster School, at Christ Church College, Oxford, then at the University of Leyden wher he had as classmates Charles Townshend (1726-1767) hand John Wilkes (1727-1797). MP for the family borough of Tewkesbury in 1747, he retained this seat until 1754, and from 1761 until his death in Nice.
He married Bridget Codrington, dau. of Sir William Codrington 1st Bart.
A prominent Whig, he became Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1765 for a brief period under the Marquess of Rockingham. He was succeeded by Charles Townshend.
Dowdeswell and other prominent Whig's position on the American crisis is discussed by York, Neil, (2005) William Dowdeswell and the American Crisis, 1763–1775.History 90 (300), 507-531. Part of his political correspondance are now at the William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan.
His son Thomas Dowdeswell, of Pull Court (d.1811) has also a fine bookplate - F8958 - a Trophy Armorial, engraved by Moses Mordecai. The latter's wife Magdelena Pasley, dau. of Admiral Sir Thomas Pasley, Bart., also had bookplates referred in Frank's (F8955 & 8956).
His third son General William Dowdeswell (1761-1828) , Commander-in-Chief in India (1807- 1810) and governor of the Bahamas (1797-1801) was famous for his collection of English prints, which were sold in 1821. He also had a bookplate (F8959).

Sources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Dowdeswell
Brian North Lee, British Bookplates. A Pictorial History, 1979, p. 76-77, reproducing Thomas's Dowdeswell Trophy Armorial (#88).
Technorati Profile

Sir William Curtis - Lord Mayor of London

Sir William Curtis, 1st Bt. (1752-1829)
A wealthy merchant and politician he was the son of Joseph Curtis, a baker who manufactured ships’ biscuits and of Mary Tennant. The Wapping business prospered during the Napoleonic Wars giving Sir William a handsome fortune which enabled him to enter the banking business. Due to his modest origins and reputed to be almost almost illiterate, he was frequently the subject of satirists who called him Sir Billy Biscuit. Contradicting it, he was an amateur cellist and owner of fine musical instruments.
Lord Mayor of London, 1795, M.P. for London, 1790-1818 and 1820, and for Bletchingley, 1819, for Hastings 1826, he was created a Baronet in 1802.
Sir William owned Cliff House in Ramsgate where he entertained King George IV before sailing to Hannover in 1821.
He married Anne Constable, daughter and coheiress of Edward Constable Esq, on 9 January 1776.

Portraits: http://www.npg.org.uk/live/search/person.asp?LinkID=mp01159
Another satirical etching of King George IV with his friend Sir William Curtis: http://collage.cityoflondon.gov.uk/collage/app;jsessionid=847C8628019D2438387E0ADCA67DC2ED?service=external/Item&sp=Zsatire&sp=19335&sp=X
Sources: http://www.bbc.co.uk/kent/content/articles/2005/06/24/coast05walks_stage2.shtml

James Stanley, Earl Derby

James Stanley, 10th Earl of Derby (1664-1736)

The son of Lord Charles Stanley (1628-1672), 8th Earl of Stanley and grandson of the famous Royalist Lord James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby, K.G. (1607-1651), an MP for Liverpool, lord lieutenant of Lancashire and Cheshire and chamberlain of Chester, lord lieutenant of North Wales and summoned to the House of Lords as Baron Strange, in 1628. He was arrested and executed at Bolton on the 15 October 1651. Lord James succeeded his brother William, the 9th Earl (c. 1655–1702) who died without male issue.

After a military carrier having fought in Flanders with William, Prince of Orange and in Ireland with distinction he was favored by King William III throughout his reign. An M.P. for Lancashire from 1695-1702, lord-lieutenant of the county of Lancaster, was elected Mayor of Liverpool in 1735.
After his niece Lady Henrietta Ashburnham died in 1734, he became 10th Baron Strange.
He married Lady Mary Morley, dau. of Sir William Morley, K.B., of Halnaker, Sussex.
Upon inheriting the title in 1702, Lord James accomplished the rebuilding of the family seat – Knowsley Hall, Prescot, and acquired for it a fine collection of Italian and Flemish paintings.

F 27888, and 27889

Knowsley Hall

More on Knowsley Hall:
See also, Lathom House the seat of the Stanleys till 1714 when through the marriage of Lord James’s niece Lady Henrietta Stanley, Baroness Strange (c1688-1718) with Lord John Ashburnham, 1st Earl, it passed to this family and later to the Bootle-Wilbraham, barons Skelmersdale and earls Lathom.
Lord James portraits at http://www.npg.org.uk/live/search/person.asp?LinkID=mp10789
Sources: http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/fulltext/hs1864/p257.htm
The Stanleys, Lords of the Isle of Man, see

Monday, 30 October 2006

British Armorial Bookplates

William Bromley (1663-1732), of Baginton, co. Warwickshire MP for Warwickshire 1689-1696 and for the University of Oxford 1701-1732 and a Speaker of the House of Commons. Built Baginton Hall which was destroyed by fire including the rich library and rebuilt at the expenses of Parliament. M. Elizabeth Stawell, d. of Ralph Stawell, 1st Lord Somerton. Source:http://www.stirnet.com/HTML/genie/british/zworking/temp14.htm#brom1
His portrait at: http://www.portrait-hille.de/kap07/bild.asp?catnr1=1627&seqnr=496

General Charles Cadogan (1685-1776), 2nd Baron Cadogan of Oakley
He married Elizabeth Sloane, daughter of Sir Hans Sloane, 1st and last Bt. and of Elizabeth Langley.
He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) (Whig) for Reading between 1716 and 1722 and for Newport, Isle of Wight between 1722 and 1726. He was invested as a Fellow, Royal Society (F.R.S.) on 30 November 1718.
His elder brother was the famous General Rt. Hon. Sir William Cadogan, PC, KT, 1st Earl Cadogan and 1st Baron Cadogan of Oakley(1672-1726) who fought at Blenheim, Ramilles, Oudenarde and Malpalquet.

The Right Honourable Charles Bruce, (1682-1747)
3rd Viscount Bruce of Ampthill & 4th Baron Bruce of Whorlton (s. 1711) - 4th Earl of Elgin, 3rd Earl of Ailesbury, 6th Lord Bruce of Kinloss, 6th Baron Bruce of Kinlosse, 3rd Baron Bruce of Skelton
The son of Thomas Bruce (1656-1741), 3rd earl of Elgin, who supported king James II, accused of conspiring to restore king James II in 1695 was imprisoned in the Tower of Lonson having later been allowed to leave England. He died in exile in Brussells.
Charles Bruce married Lady Elizabeth Seymour, d. of the 2nd Duke of Somerset.
He had no male heirs and one of his daughters Lady Mary Bruce m. Henry Brydges, 2nd Duke of Chandos and was the mother of James Brydges, Marquess of Carnarvon

Robert James Petre, 8th Baron Petre of Thorndon Hall, Essex (1713-1742)
M. (02.05.1732) Anna Maria Barbara Radcliffe (d 31.01.1760, dau of James Radcliffe, 3rd Earl of Derwentwater who was attainted and beheaded, with his honours forfeited, for his support of the Jacobite rebellion.
Lord Petre "was the foremost collector of American trees and shrubs in Europe. Earl Petre's untimely death in 1743 led to his American tree collection being auctioned off to Woburn".

James BRYDGES (1731-1789), Marquess of Carnarvon
Succeeded his maternal grand-father, in 1747, as Baron of Kinloss and his father, in 1771, as 3rd Duke of Chandos, 3rd. Marquess of Carnarvon, 3rd. Earl of Carnarvon, 3rd Viscount Wilton, 11th baron Chandos of Sudeley Castle. The son of Henry Brydges (d.1771) 2nd Duke of Chandos and of Lady Mary Bruce (1713-1738), d. of Charles Bruce, 4th Earl of Elgin and 3rd Earl of Ailesbury. M. Lady Anne Eliza Gamon
Arms: Brydges quartering Bruce surmounted by three pheons Argent — Nicoll (from his first wife (m. 1753) Margaret Nicol d. of John Nicoll, Esq., d. 1768).
m. 2ndly. Lady Anne Eliza Gamon in 1777 with one daughter Lady Anne, Duchess of Buckingham and Chandos by marriage.
Grandson of James Brydges (1673-1744), Marquess of Carnarvon & 1st Duke of Chandos, protector of G. F. Handel who lived at his oppulent mansion Cannons, near edgware
Sources: http://www.berkshirehistory.com/bios/jbrydges.html

James Cornwallis, later Mann, 5th Earl Cornwallis (1778-1852)
Son of Lord James Cornwallis, Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, 4th Earl Cornwallis (1742/3-1824) and of his wife Lady Catherine Mann (1742-1811) dau. of Gafridus Mann, of Egerton.
Nephew of the famous General Lord Charles Cornwallis, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Governor General of India, 2nd Earl, 1st Marquess Cornwallis (1738-1805) who surrendered at Yorktown to the American-French forces during the War of Indpendence.

Thursday, 26 October 2006

Alois Balmer


Born in 1866, in Munich and died in 1933, in Lucern, Switzerland.

A painter and illustrator, he made beautiful gothical glass paintings and murals for churches in Switzerland, apart from some fine ex libris and wine labels.
He lived most of his life in Lucern, Switzerland. Very active in the turn of the century (XIX-XX c.). Today almost forgotten his bookplates are nevertheless still sought by art nouveau style lovers.