Sunday, 31 December 2006

Bookplate of William Brightwell Sumner, Hatchlands


William Brightwell Sumner was Sheriff of Surrey (1777-1778) and married Catherine Holme, dau of John Holme of Holme Hill, co. Cumberland. Acquired Hatchlands.
Arms: Sumner impalling Holme. Crest: A lion's head erased, Ermine, langued Gules and ducally gorged, Or.
F 28547
His son George Holme Sumner, (1760-1838), was an M.P., for Guilford, Surrey, m. Sophia Lowe, daughter of James Lowe, an attorney.

Bookplate Earl Ilchester


Giles Stephen Holland Fox-Strangways (1874-1959)
6th Earl of Ilchester (cr. 1756), Baron Ilchester and Baron Strangways (cr.1741), and Baron Ilchester and Stavordale (cr. 1747), all in the Peerage of Great Britain.
Arms - Strangways quartering Fox.
Crest- On a chapeau azure, turned up ermine, a fox sejant or.
Supportters - Dexter, a fox ermine, frette or, collared dovetail azure, and the collar charged with three fleurs-de-lis gold; Sinister, a fox proper, collared as the dexter.
Motto - Faire sans Dire

The son of Henry Edward Fox-Strangways, P.C., 5th Earl of Ilchester (1847-1914) and Lady Mary Eleanor Anne Dawson. He married Lady Helen Mary Theresa Vane-Tempest-Stewart, daughter of Charles Stewart Vane-Tempest-Stewart, 6th Marquess of Londonderry and Lady Theresa Susey Helen Talbot, on 25 January 1902. Grandson of the Hon. John George Charles Fox-Strangways (1803-1859) the youngest son of Henry Thomas Fox-Strangways, 2nd Earl of Ilchester. The latter was a cousin of Charles James Fox the famous Whig politician. Their ancestor was Sir Stephen Fox (1627-1716) a Yeoman who was knighted in 1665 by Charles II, who made him Clerk of the Green Cloth, and afterwards Paymaster of the Forces. Two of his sons were created Earl of Ilchester and Baron Holland.
A keen sportsman and a pioneer breeder of Golden Retrievers he was also an historian who dedicated part of his life writing on the history of the Holland family. He wrote:
The Journal of the Hon. Henry Edward Fox, 1818-1830, ed. The Earl of Ilchester, Hornton Butterworth Ltd, 1923; Henry Fox, 1st Lord Holland, his Family and Relations, 2 vols, London, 1920; The Home of the Hollands - 1605-1820, London, John Murray, 1937; Chronicles of Holland House, 1820–1900, 1937; Elizabeth, Lady Holland, to Her Son 1821-1845, ed. The Earl of Ilchester, London, John Murray, 1946; The Journal of Elizabeth, Lady Holland (1791-1811), edited by the Earl of Ilchester. London, Longmans Green, two volumes, 1908; The Spanish Journals, edited by the Earl of Ilchester, London, 1910.

Sources: Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage, 1904

Saturday, 23 December 2006

In Memoriam Charles Stourton, 26th Lord Mowbray

Charles Edward Stourton, (1923- 2006)
Baron Mowbray, Segrave and Stourton - Premier baron of England

R.I.P.

Quotes from the Obituary at the Daily Telegraph:
«Lord Mowbray's popularity was attested in 1999 when his fellow peers elected him one of the 90 hereditaries to survive the Labour Government's cull. The vote was also a fitting tribute to his assiduous attendance record over more than three decades, during which he served as a Tory Whip for 13 years and as a Government spokesman on the Environment in both the Heath and Thatcher administrations. Perhaps his most notable achievement in this capacity was to guide the National Heritage Act of 1980 through all its stages in the Upper House.
Lord Mowbray was a passionate believer in historic institutions and had an encyclopaedic knowledge of British history — especially that of his own family. He was particularly proud of his Stourton title which has descended through an unbroken male line since it was established in 1448. As the sole direct descendant of one of the 25 signatories of the Magna Carta, he was a member of the British parliamentary delegation which travelled to Washington in 1976 to present one of the four copies of the document held in the British Museum to the American Congress.
In the House of Lords, Lord Mowbray sat on the Committee of Privileges, which determines the succession of hereditary titles, and remained a stout defender of the hereditary principle: "Perhaps one of the best things to be said in defence of the aristocracy, if it needs defending," he declared in 1966, "is that aristocrats have a real detachment from things. They are not 'yes' men — they have nothing to gain.
In fact, though, Lord Mowbray was a Tory loyalist who seldom deviated from the party line. A rare exception occurred in 1986 when he teased the government for its backing for the centenary celebrations of the "Glorious Revolution" of 1688, when James II was ousted from the throne in favour of William of Orange. In announcing his intention to "boycott" the event, Lord Mowbray said: "I have no intention of celebrating Dutch William's accession to the throne. I think the whole thing should be called off." The so-called Glorious Revolution, he pointed out, had deprived his family, as Roman Catholics, of their right to sit in Parliament, a right which was restored only with Catholic emancipation in 1829….
Stourton's early married life was overshadowed by the messy break-up of his parents' marriage. His father was a difficult and domineering man who had, according to Mr Justice Marshall in a distressing divorce case heard in 1961, shown "the badge of an egocentric and reduced his wife to a nervous wreck". During the case, in which Lady Mowbray was granted a decree of judicial separation on the ground of her husband's cruelty, Lord Mowbray alleged that his wife had entered into a conspiracy with other members of the family, particularly his son (who had taken his mother's side), to ruin him…..
Following the case, Charles Stourton brought an action against his father concerning the administration of the family estates. The following year it was announced that an "amicable" settlement had been reached, on terms that were not disclosed…..
When Lord Mowbray died in 1965, it emerged that he had made no provision for his wife in his will and had left the bulk of the estate to his eldest grandson, Edward Stourton, then aged 12, to be held in trust until he was 30. Until then the family estate, Allerton Park, was run by trustees and the castle itself was sold in the 1980s….
A devout Roman Catholic, Lord Mowbray was vice-president and longest-serving Knight of the British Association of the Sovereign and Military Order of Malta. He was also chairman of English Catholic Ancestor, a society which aims to acquire and disseminate knowledge of the history of English Catholic families.»

Quote from the Obituary by Desmond Seward at «The Independent»:

«One of the most surprising members of Tony Blair's new House of Lords in 1999 was Lord Mowbray, Segrave and Stourton. The oldest of the rump of the hereditaries, he was variously described as looking like a character from a Walter Scott novel who had strayed into the modern world, something that might have been dreamt up by Evelyn Waugh or the sort of Englishman who would have made Proust swoon.
In these classless days when even gentlemen are nearly extinct, he was probably one of the last people in England who was immediately recognisable as a nobleman. His appearance suited his almost unbelievably blue blood. At the coronations of Elizabeth II, George VI, George V and Edward VII, his father and grandfather had respectively paid homage as premier barons of England.
No one ever forgot meeting Charles Mowbray. It was not just the round Norman head, walrus moustache and black eye-patch, or the lisp and slight stutter, that made him so memorable, but his cheerful, kindly manner, the friendly way he greeted everybody, always just the same for prime ministers, waiters or taxi drivers. Those who worked with or for Mowbray - in particular, those who worked for - were devoted to him. A genuinely lovable man, with tremendous zest for life, he could be the best company imaginable, especially for those who shared his passion for history, gaining so many friends that he had over 40 godchildren. There were countless affectionate anecdotes about him, such as that of his laughter bringing down a carving from the ceiling of the House of Lords.
Yet this survival from another age was an able politician who held office as a junior minister in the governments of both Edward Heath and Margaret Thatcher. Had Heath's abortive scheme to reform the Upper House been implemented, Mowbray would have received a life peerage, a testimony to his effectiveness. For 13 years he was a Tory whip, while he was also a spokesman on the environment and the arts in both their administrations, his principal achievement being to guide the National Heritage Act of 1980 through its various stages in the Lords. (For some year he was chairman of the Government Picture Buying Committee.) During four decades of unflagging attendance, he became very popular with his fellow peers, Labour and Liberal no less than Conservative, a popularity demonstrated in 1999 by the hereditaries' electing him as one of their 90 representatives - their oldest, since he was already 76.
Charles Edward Stourton was born in 1923, the son of William Marmaduke, 25th Baron Mowbray, 26th Baron Segrave and 22nd Baron Stourton, succeeding his father in 1965. His Stourton title, held in unbroken male-line descent, was created in 1448 for Sir John Stourton, the son of a Speaker of the House of Commons, who had campaigned with Henry V and built a castle at Stourhead in Wiltshire paid for by French loot, besides being the jailer of the poet Duke of Orleans (captured at Agincourt). Because of his Mowbray barony, created in 1283, inherited through the female line, Charles was the last link with the signatories of Magna Carta through his direct ancestor William de Mowbray, one of the magnates who forced King John to submit at Runnymede. As such, he was a member of the parliamentary delegation that went to Washington in 1976, to present one of the four surviving copies of the charter to the United States Congress…..
At the Reformation, as much from stubbornness as piety the Stourtons refused to exchange Catholicism for what they saw as a new, foreign, religion - nobody was going to tell them what to believe - and for centuries they endured relentless persecution as recusants. The faith Charles inherited was the old Cisalpine sort, staunch but tolerant, charitable and unobtrusive. When the Thatcher government announced its support for the celebrations of the third centenary of the "Glorious Revolution" of 1688, Charles Mowbray declared, "I have no intention of celebrating Dutch William's accession to the throne", adding that it had prevented his family from taking their seat in the Lords or serving in the armed services until the Catholic Emancipation Act of 1829. Their Jacobitism ruined the Stourtons and Stourhead had to be sold. They recouped their fortunes, however, and in the 19th century built a vast new family seat, Allerton Park, near Knaresborough, which is regarded as one of the most important of all Gothic revival houses….
A director of Securicor, Mowbray also served as Chairman of the Thames Estuary Airport Company, an imaginative project for which he showed unflagging enthusiasm. Among other activities, he was Vice-President of the British Knights of Malta and chairman of the English Catholic Ancestor, an organisation devoted to the history of recusant families. (His genealogical knowledge was remarkable, even greater than his impressive grasp of military history during the Napoleonic wars.) He was also a keen member of the Roxburghe Club, the most distinguished of all bibliophile societies. He was very proud of being chairman of the Normandy Veterans in Scotland, delighting in their company and in taking the salute at their parades.»

From Time Archive, May 14th 1965:

«Died. Lord Mowbray, 69, England's Premier Baron (his title, the country's oldest, dates back to 1283), who in 1962 invoked the rarely exercised peer's immunity to prevent his estranged wife from having him jailed for refusing to return her family heirlooms (a silver matchbox, two trays, two bowls, three swords and a wig); after a long illness; m Harrogate, Yorkshire.»

http://www.answers.com/topic/list-of-hereditary-peers-elected-to-sit-in-the-house-of-lords-under-the-house-of-lords-act-1999
Charles Stourton, Baron Mowbray at Wikipedia
Lord Mowbray – House of Lords Debates
The Mowbray Family 1066-1481

Thursday, 21 December 2006

Ex Libris de la Clotte-Fontenille

Marie-Jacques-Philippe MOUTON de la CLOTTE-FONTENILLE (1769-1837)
B. at Montpellier (Hérault), professor of natural sciences, a keeper at the cabinet d'histoire naturelle, of the city of Lyon (Rhône) and a member of the Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Lyon, since 1800. Married Jeanne MEUNIER.He had an important library with works on the Natural Sciences.
Arms: de gueules, au mouton d'argent rampant contre un rocher d'or treillisé d'argent, au chef cousu d'azur, chargé d'un croissant entre deux étoiles d'argent.
C2, 94 x 52 mms.
__________
Bibliography: W. POIDEBARD, J. BAUDRIER & L. GALLE, Armorial des Bibliophiles de Lyonnais, Forez, Beaujolais et Dombes, Lyon, 1907, pages 442-444.

Ex Libris Victor FOUCHER (1802-1866)



The son of Pierre Foucher (1772-1845), Victor Foucher became a high magistrate and attorney-general at Rennes. During his youth he was a friend of Vitor Hugo who lived next door. He received the grand officer of the Légion d'honneur.
His sister Adèle Foucher (1803 ­ 1868) married the celebrated writer Victor Hugo despite family opposition apparently due to political reasons.

Arms: d'or à la bande de sable dentée à la partie supérieure.
C1, 75 x 58 mms.
Bibliog.:G. MEYER-NOIREL, Répertoire général des ex-libris français..., N° F 55.

Sources: http://www.alalettre.com/hugo-bio.htm

Ex-Libris Paul de FARCY (1841-1918)

C2, circa 1870, 78 x 40 mm.
GMN F0914

Paul de Farcy was a keen genealogist and heraldist having published several books on the subject and having made heraldic illustrations for several works on heraldry, namely:
Les Fouquet d'Anjou, Goupil, 1916
Généalogie de la famille de Farcy, c. 1887
Armorial monumental de la Mayenne, 1913, illustr. de 900 blasons dessinés par Paul de Farcy
Bertrand de Broussillon & Paul de Farcy, Sigillographie des seigneurs de Laval 1095-1605, Mamers, Picard, 1888;
Em. Louis Chambois & Paul de Farcy, Recherche de la Noblesse dans la Généralité de Tours en 1666, G. Fleury et A. Dangin edtrs., s/d

Wednesday, 20 December 2006

Ex Libris Prince Roland Napoléon Bonaparte


Prince Roland Napoléon Bonaparte (1858-1924)
C2, 30 x 50 mm. Stern sculp.

GMN-B1402

6th prince of Canino and Musignano (titles conferred by the Pope to his grandfather in 1814)
A distinguished member of the Bonaparte family, better known as a cientist - geographer, geologist, botanist and anthropologist.
He was the son of Prince Pierre-Napoléon Bonaparte (1815-1881) and a grandson of Napoleons’s brother Prince Lucien Bonaparte (1775-1840). He married in 1880, Marie-Félix Blanc (1859-1882), daughter of the wealthy François Blanc.
His daughter princess Marie Bonaparte was a famous psychoanalyst and writer, who married Prince George of Greece and Denmark (1869-1957)
A passionate traveller the prince organied scientific expeditions, namely to Surinam and Lapland using photography as a tool in his ethnographic studies.
He then focused his interests in Botany having gathered one of the largest and most important private herbariums in the world kept at his house in Paris.
Faithful to the memories of his famous great uncle - the Emperor, he also made an outsatnding collection of Napoleonic memorabilia apart from having formed an important library.
He was elected president of the Société de Géographie in 1910 and member of the Académie des Sciences in 1907, having been elected its president in 1919.
Sources: http://genroy.free.fr/bonaparte.html
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roland_Bonaparte


.

Ex Libris Vicomte de Gand (1752-1818)


François-Charles-Gabriel de Gand

Viscount of Gand, Count of Ser, colonel of the Champagne Regiment (1777) and gentilhomme d’honneur of the Count of Artois (1780).
He went to the service of the king of Spain and was Colonel of the Waloon Guards Regiment and made a Grandee of Spain 1st class, in 1786, by king Charles III, of Spain.

Married in 1783 Marie-Joséphine-Félicité de la Rochefoucauld-Bayers, daughter of François-Jean-Charles de la Rochefoucauld, called the marquess of Bayers.

The title of viscount of Gand was from Flanders.

Second son of Jean-Guillaume-François-Marie de Gand, dit Vilain, Marquess of Hem (cr. 1660, by king Philip IV of Spain), baron of Sailly, viscount of Forest, seigneur de Mauberbier, Captain of the Régiment de Prie, at the service of the Empress of Austria-Queen of Hungary, head of the cadet branch of the Flemish House of Gand-Vilain and of Angélique-Louise des Fossez, dame des Potes, viscountess de Petit-Rouy.

His grandfather Gilbert Vilain de Gand, lord of Hem, Forest and Sailly had served the king of Spain as captain of a Waloon Guards Regiment and his great-grandfather Maximilien Vilain de Gand, Baron of Rassenghien, Governor of Lille under the Vice-Roy Duke of Alba, a staunch Roman Catholic famous for his brutal repression of the protestants.

His brother was Guillaume-Louis-Camille de Gand (1751-1818), comte de Gand, marquess of Hem, seigneur de Lomme and de Launoy, count du Ser, Pair de France (17.8.1778), Comte-Pair (31.8.1817), a Knight of the Order of St. Louis, lieutenant-colonel of the Régiment Royal, maréchal des camps et armées du Roi at the Prince of Condé’s Army, in 1793. He then passed to the service of Spain and Portugal.
_________
Sources: http://www.grandesp.org.uk/historia/gzas/gand.htm
http://web.genealogie.free.fr/Les_dynasties/Les_dynasties_celebres/France/Dynastie_de_Gand_de_Merode.htm http://pdrouffe.free.fr/hasbourg_page2.htm

Tuesday, 19 December 2006

Ex Libris R. Faucigny-Lucinge



C2, Stern sculp., XIXth c.
Armes: de gueules à trois pals d'or (Faucigny)
GMN-F0247
The Faucigny-Lucinge is an old family having its roots in Savoy. One of its members René de Faucigny-Lucinge (1583-1610) was ambassador of the duke of Savoy to the French court and played an important role in the peace process apart from having written important historical accounts. A Prosper Antoine de Lucinge, Marquess of Lucinge, Baron d'Aranthon, Governor of Turin, Chablais and Genevois was a Knight of the Order of the Annunciation in 1696. In the XVIIIth century, another member of the Family was made prince de Lucinge, by the king of Sardinia in 1729.
Ferdinand-Victoire-Amédée de Facigny-Lucinge (1789-1866) was awarded in France the title of prince de Lucinge and married in 1823, Charlotte de Bourbon, Countess of Issoudun (1808-1886) an illegitimate daughter of Prince Charles Ferdinand de Bourbon, Duke de Berry (1778-1820) - son of Charles X, King of France, and Miss Amy Brown (1783-1876). In 1906, he published a book on his ancestor: Prince Ferdinand de Faucigny-Lucinge, Un Ambassadeur de Savoie en France Rene de Faucigny-Lucinge (1583-1610), Paris, Hachette, 1906. One of his descendants married Valery Giscard D’Estaing, former President of the French Republic.
The bookplate must have belonged to one of his descendants who lived in the XIXth c. and with names beginning with an R.:
His younger son Rene de Faucigny-Lucinge (1841-1911);
His grandsons Rodolphe Marie Rogatien Charles François de Faucigny-Lucinge (1864-1907), Prince de Faucigny-Cystria, who married Léonie Mortier de Trévise (1866-1939) or, his younger brother, Rogatien Marie Charles Joseph Louis François (1871-1953), married in 1898 Marguerite Pauline Marie de Chastenet de Puységur (1878-1963), both sons of Charles Marie Maurice, Prince de Faucigny-Lucinge et Coligny (1824-1910) and his first wife Françoise de Sesmaisons (1838-1901), or,
His great-grandson Rodolphe Charles de Faucigny-Lucinge (1898-1985), son of Gerard de Faucigny-Lucinge, Prince de Faucigny-Lucinge and Coligny (1869-1949, married 1963, Elise Félicie Florentine Hiard (1900-1990).
The fact that the bookplate bears the simple Faucigny arms (omitting the Lucinge arms also used by members of this Family) makes me incline towards it having been used by the above mentioned Rene de Faucigny-Lucinge.
Sources: http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/faucigny.html and http://www.william1.co.uk/b3.htm#b3l17

Monday, 18 December 2006

Archbishop Léopold-Charles de Choiseul-Beaupré


Ex-Libris Archbishop-Duke of Cambrai - Léopold-Charles de Choiseul-Beaupré (1724-774)
Bishop of d'Evreux (1758-59), archbishop of Albi (1759-64), and archbishop-duke of Cambrai and prince of the Holy Roman Empire (1764-74).
The dukedom of Cambrai was created by the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilan I in 1510 and became French with the conquest and annexation of Cambrai to the crown of France under King Louis XIV, recognised by the Treaty of Nimegen in 1678.
He was the son of François-Joseph de Choiseul (d.1770), baron and marquess of Stainville (1722) and baron of Beaupré who married in 1717, Louise, dau. of Anne-François, marquess of Bassonpierre.
Two of his brothers were famous and held high offices. His elder brother was the Lieutenant-General Etienne-François de Choiseul (1719-1785), marquess of Stainville, duc de Choiseul-Stainville (cr. 1758), duc de Choiseul-Amboise (cr. 1762), pair de France, Ambassador to Rome and Vienna and Secretary of State of Louis XV. He signed in 1763 the Treaty of Paris by which France gave away to Great Britain, Canada and India (see, http://international.loc.gov/intldl/fiahtml/fiatheme5a.html and http://www.histoire-en-ligne.com/spip.php?article145).
His younger brother was Marshall Jacques-Philippe de Choiseul (1727-1789), count and duke of Stainville (cr. 1786) and baron of Domange-aux-Eaux. A Lieutenant-General in the Austrian Army (1759), and one of the last Maréchaux of France of the ancien régime (1783).
His sister Béatrix, duchess of Gramont and his niece Thérèse-Félicité, countess of Caumont were among the victims of the Terror and were executed in the guillotine in 1794.
Another Choiseul, and a close relative, Antoine Cléradius, marquess of Choiseul-Beaupré and count of Choiseul-La Baume b. in 1733, a Lieutenant-General (1781) also fell under the guillotine in 1794.

Arms of the Choiseul-Beaupré: azur, a gold cross, cantoned with 18 gold billet, 5 in each chief canton placed in saltire, and 4 in each point canton placed in two (d'azur à la croix d'or cantonnée de 18 billettes du même, 5 à chaque canton du chef, posées en sautoir, et 4 à chaque canton de la pointe, posées deux et deux
Tech: apparently is a wood engraving
Year: Must have been made after 1759, date of his nomination as archbishop of Albi.

Saturday, 16 December 2006

French Armorial Bookplates II



CHAUVETON de VOUET (Berry)

Seigneur de Condé, de Saint-Léger et de Lisson. Conseiller Général at the Cour des Monnaies,in 1717, the King's secretary in 1727 and a Lieutenant of the Marshalls of France.
Arms: d'azur au chevron d'or, accompagné de 3 croissants aussi d'or, 2 en chef & 1 en pointe.
C2, 76 x 58 mm.

Bibliography: G. MEYER-NOIREL, Répertoire général des ex-libris français, N C 1091


LOPPIN de MASSE, Bourgogne, Dijon (Côte-d'Or)

Arms:d'azur à la croix ancrée d'or.
C2, 75 x 55 mms.

Bibliography: QUANTIN, Ex-libris Bourguignons (1907), page 38

French Armorial Bookplates I


François Denis Secousse(1691-1754)
A Lawyer at the Parlement de Paris, member of the Académie, a bibliophile with a rich library sold in an auction in 1755.
The plate is dated 1714




Charles de Laverdure d'Alenes (b. Douais, 1684-d.?)
Chevalier, Signeur d'Hesquels. He was a counsellor at the Parlement of Flandre.
The plate is dated 1720.


François Mouchard,
Écuyer, former deputy of La Rochelle to the Conseil Royal de Commerce.
The plate is dated 1732



Antoine-Paul-Augustin de CANDOLLE
Officier des galères, at Marseille (Bouches-du-Rhône), son of Gaspard de CANDOLLE and Mlle. de PORRADE. Married, 1749, Jeanne-Félicité de BEAUMONT, dau. of Jean-Baptiste, 1er Échevin of Marseille in 1741, and Conseiller du roi.
Arms: Ecartelé d'or & d'azur
C2, 73 x 68 mms.
Bibliography: Emile PERRIER, Les Bibliophiles et les Collectionneurs Provençaux anciens et modernes (Arrondissement de Marseille), Marseille, 1897, pages 114-116.



Thursday, 14 December 2006

Ex Libris Baron d'Elbecq


Ex-Libris de Pierre-Joseph du Chambge, baron d'Elbeq (1733-1793)
Pierre-Joseph du Chambge, seigneur d'Elbecq was an army officer and a strong supporter of the Revolution. From a flemish family of the Spanish Flanders who became French after the annexations made by force of the Aix-la-Chapelle Treaty in 1688 and who received confirmation of noble status from the King of France.
Source: The case of Chambge de Liessart at F. Velde excellent website.
C2, dated 1757
Rolland VIII, p. 85
GMN-D1458

Wednesday, 13 December 2006

H.M Queen Amelia of Portugal

H. M. Marie Amélie Heléne d'Orléans, Queen of Portugal (1865 - 1951)
Motto: «Espérance»
Artist: H.M.'s fecit, Agry (Paris) sculp.
Technique: Steel engraving
Arms: Portugal and Bourbon (without the lambel proper of the Orleans branch as was unduly borne by the pricess' brother and other Orleans, after the death of the Comte de Chambord, the lawful head of the Bourbon Family, succeeded by the Carlist princes).

H.M. was the eldest daughter of prince Louis Philippe d'Orléans (1838-1894), count of Paris and Princess Maria-Isabel d'Orléans (1848-1919), Infanta of Spain and grand-daughter of Ferdinand Philippe d'Orléans (1810-1842), Duke of Chartres. Her father succeeded his grandfather Louis Philip d’Orléans, deposed King of the French, in 1850, as the Head of the Orléans Family and as such the Orleanist claimant to the throne of France as Philip VII.
The Princess was born at York House, in Twickenham, which had been bought by the Count of Paris in 1864 and where his Family lived in exile till 1871 when, after the fall of the II Empire, the Orléans Family was allowed to return to France. They then went to live at the Chateau d’Eu, in Normandy, a vast domain of the Orléans. The Family was to return to exile in 1886, under the II Republic, due to the royalist support involving a dinner party given in Paris to celebrate the Princess’ engagement to Charles, prince Royal of Portugal.

Portrait at the Coaches Museum Lisbon

She married Charles, Prince Royal of Portugal and Duke of Bragança in 1886. Upon her husband’s accession to the throne in 1889 she became Queen of Portugal. They had two sons:
Infante D. Luís Filipe (1887-1908), prince of Beira - as the eldest son of the
Prince Royal, and later Prince Royal and Duke of Bragança. He was murdered
together with his father on February 1st, 1908 by republican radicals; (see, an
article by David Arthur Walters, The 1908 Lisbon Assassinations);
Infante D. Manuel (1889-1932), Duke of Beja, and later (1908) D. Manuel II, king of Portugal and Duke of Bragança, till he was overthrown by a revolution in October 5th, 1910, having lived in exile in England till his premature death in 1932.
After the wedding, the Princes went to live at the Royal Palace of Belém, whereas King Louis I and Queen Maria Pia lived at the Royal Palace of Ajuda, both in Lisbon. After 1889, they lived at Palácio das Necessidades



In 1892, H.H Pope Leo XIII bestowed Queen Amelia the Golden Rose.
Having seen the deplorable state of abandon in which were kept some of the precious old Royal Coaches at the Palace Stables she took an active interest in their restoration and sponsored the creation in Lisbon of the Royal Coaches Museum. To lodge it she arranged the new Museum to be placed at the Horse Riding Arena of the Belém Royal Palace. The new Museum was opened to the public in 1905 and is still one of the most visited Museums in Lisbon. (see, temporary exhibition at the National Coaches Museum - D. Amélia, one queen one museum.)
An active philantropist she founded the Instituto de Socorros a Náufragos in 1892 to assist the rescue of drowned people.
But her greatest contribution was the founding in 1899 of a private charity association, which still exists today, for the combat and free treatment of Tuberculosis a major epidemic of the time (and unfortunately of our times too). In order to raise funds for the assistance to the Tuberculosis patients she asked Count of Sabugosa to write a book on the history of the Royal Palace of Sintra illustrated with drawings of her own hand.
The Queen had a predilection for painting and music. Pablo Casals for instance was invited to perform at the Royal Palace and the Queen patronised Guilhermina Suggia’s (1885-1950) studies in Leipzig.
She also enjoyed horse riding and hunting being an exceptional horsewoman.
In 1903 she made a voyage by sea to North Africa and Palestine with her two sons and a small party travelling abroad the Royal Yacht Amelia visiting namely, Cairo, Port-Said and Jerusalem. At Cairo the Queen and the Princes were the guests of the Khedive Abbas Hilmi II, who presented the Queen with a gift of Egyptian antiquities for the King of Portugal, which is today housed at the National Museum of Archeology (see, Álvaro Figueiredo, The Lisbon Mummy Project: The employment of non-destructive methods in mummy studies, at http://www.mnarqueologia-ipmuseus.pt/documentos/The%20Lisbon%20Mummy%20Project.pdf

After the Republican Revolution in October 5th 1910, she left Portugal with her son and lived in England at Fulwell Park till the King married in 1913. After 1922, the Queen went to live in France at the Castle of Bellevue, in Chesnay, near Versailles.
--------------
Bibliography:
Queen Amelia has yet to have her biographer but the best unbiased appreciation of the Queen can be found in the recent study of Prof. Rui Ramos about King D. Carlos I - Rui Ramos, D. Carlos (1863-1908), Lisboa, Círculo de Leitores, 2006 - and in an important critical article he wrote on the two books published by French authors on the Queen in «Análise Social», nº 160, vol.XXXVI, 2001 (see, http://www.ics.ul.pt/publicacoes/analisesocial/recensoes/160/damelia.pdf (in Portuguese).
See also, a very recent book by Eduardo Nobre, D. Amélia – Rainha de Portugal Quimera, Lisboa, 2006 and Família Real - Álbum de Fotografias, Quimera, Lisboa, 2002.

Monday, 11 December 2006

Bookplate Marquess of Lameth

text reviewed Dec. 13th
Insc.: Bibliothèque de Hénencourt
Arms: Ecartelé aux 1 et 4 de gueules à la bande d'argent accompagnée de 6 croisettes recroisetées du même (Lameth en Picardie), au 2 d'argent à trois maillets de sable (Bussy), au 3 d'or fretté de gueules, et au canton d'or chargé d'une étoile d'azur (Lameth en Artois).
Artist: Henri Bouvier (C1)
GMN-L1272.
The ex libris was probably used by Henri Baudouin Eugène Marie Augustin de Lameth, (c. 1840-1904) marquis de Lameth head of the family in 1867. Married 1872, Valentine Marie Mathilde de CASTALLANE (1849-1883).

The Lameth are an old noble family from Picardie and Artois descending from Antoine de Lameth (d. 1494), sire de Lameth, Saint-Martin and du Plessier, who after having served Charles, comte de Charolais and Duke of Bourgogne entered the service of Louis XI, king of France, becoming the king’s Counsellor and Lord Chamberlain, having married Jacqueline de Hennencourt, an heiress.
By their son Jacques descend the lords of Henencourt of Bournonville and of Coudeville, namely, Henri-Louis de Lameth, marquess of Lameth, seigneur de Hennencourt, who m. 1722, Josèphe-Françoise Le Fournier de Wargemont.
The latter was the grandfather of the three famous Lameth brothers – Alexandre-Théodore, comte de Lameth (1760-1829) who served in the American War of Independence and was a deputy to the States General and a declared enemy of Mirabeau; Théodore Lameth (1756-1854) who also served in the American war, sat in the Legislative Assembly as deputy from the department of Jura, and became maréchal-de-camp and Charles-Malo-François, comte de Lameth (1757-1832) also a deputy to the Etats Généraux representing e d'Artois and a Lieutenant-General.

Sources: http://g.bachelier.free.fr/lameth.htm with a genealogy of the Lameth Family
http://perso.orange.fr/jm.ouvrard/armor/fami/l/lameth.htm showing the same arms

Friday, 8 December 2006

The Bookplate of H.M. Dom Manuel II king of Portugal


D. Manuel II was born in Lisbon at the Royal Palace of Belém and was baptized in the Palace Chapel with the name D. Manuel Maria Filipe Carlos Amélia Luís Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga Xavier Francisco de Assis Eugénio de Bragança Orleães Sabóia e Saxe-Coburgo Gota.
The second son of the then Prince Royal and Duke of Bragança - D. Carlos (1863-1908) and princess Marie-Amélie d’Orléans (1865-1951), dau of Louis-Philippe d’Orléans (1838-1894), comte de Paris and grandson of King Dom Luís (1838-1889) and Queen Maria Pia of Savoy. At birth Infante D. Manuel was titled as Duke of Beja.
His father ascended the throne, as Charles I just two months before the Prince’s birth and reigned till his coward assassination in Febraury 1st, 1908 together with his eldest son and heir the Prince Royal D. Luís Filipe, duke of Bragança by radicals commanded by the Republican party and believed to belong to a Free-Masonry's organization called the Carbonaria.

D. Manuel II became Grand-Master of the Portuguese Ancient Military Orders of Christ, Avis and St. James of the Sword, of the Order of the Tower and of the Sword founded at Rio de Janeiro by his ancestor King John VI and of the Order of Our Lady of the Conception of Vila Viçosa.
As regards foreign Orders he was also a Knight of the Order of the Garter and of the Order of the Golden Fleece and Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order.
The prestige of the monarchy was severely shaken with the tragic disappearance of king Charles I and the intrigues of the politicians of the traditional royalist political parties who to gain power did not hesitate to conspire with the republicans at the cost of the royalist institutions and the prestige of the Royal Family.
The inexperienced King followed the counsels of those who proposed compromise abstaining even from inquiring or prosecuting the late King’s murderers.
The Revolution broke out in Lisbon on the 4th October 1910 and next day the King and the Royal Family fled the country, embarking in the Royal Yacht «Amelia» to Gibraltar and then to England.
He first lived with his mother Queen D. Maria Amélia at Abercorn House, in Richmond.
The exiled King married in 1913 princess Augusta Victoria of Hohenzollern-Simaringen (1890-1966) and went to live at a house in Fulwell Park, at Twikenham. He died in 1932 and was buried in Lisbon at the Panteão de S. Vicente de Fora with state honours.
A passionate bibliophile, the king spent his years of exile and part of his fortune assembling a formidable collection of rare Portuguese books from 1469-1600.
As a result of his studies and research he wrote a monumental work of bibliography which was published with the collaboration of Maggs. Bros and printed at the University of Cambridge:
Livros Antigos Portugueses, 1489-1600, da Biblioteca de Sua Majestade
Fidelíssima, descritos por S.M. El-Rei D. Manuel,
3 vols., Maggs. Bros, London, [1929, 1932, 1935].
The 3rd volume was not written by the king who died before he could start it, and the task was undertaken by his faithful secretary Miss Margery Withers and published in 1935, with a foreword by Prof. Aybrey Bell. The text is in Portuguese and English.



The King’s precious Library is today at the Palace of Vila Viçosa, the ancient seat of the Dukes of Bragança which together with the king’s vast patrimony is owned and administered by the Foundation of the House of Bragança, created by the Portuguese Government after the king’s death as a means of fulfilling the King’s last will.

Two sites if interest regarding the King's life at Twikenham:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AmMWW9O76nk
http://www.twickenham-museum.org.uk/detail.asp?ContentID=79

The king's ex libris bears the Royal Arms as used by king D. Manuel I and the latter's famous badge. The motto in the ex libris is the one traditionally used by the Dukes of Bragança before ascending to the throne, who considered themselves the next in line to the Royal Family.
Insc.:D. Manuel II
Motto: «Depois de Vós Nós»
Tech.: Woodengraving (X2)
---------------
Bibliography:
Azevedo, Francisco de Simas Alves de, Marca de Posse de um Homem de Bem e de Grande Cultura: O Ex-Libris de El-Rei D. Manuel II, in «No Primeiro Centenário de El-Rei D. Manuel II (1889-1932)», Academia Portuguesa de História. Lisboa, 1991.

Adolf Matthias Hildebrandt (1844-1918).

A. M. Hildebrandt was a reputed genealogist and heraldist and writer. He was the chief editor of a specialised magazine published in Berlin after 1860 - «Der deutsche Herold». A selected list of his works as an illustrator or author can be seen below.




The bookplate shown was made, in the 1880’s for Dr. Richard Béringuier – a genealogist of French Huguenot ascendancy, who wrote:
Dr. Richard Beringuier, Die Stammbäume der Mitglieder der französischen Gemeinde in Berlin, Berlin, 1887; and Die Colonieliste von 1699, Role General des Francois Refugiez dans les Estats de Sa Serenite Electorale de Brandenbourg, Comme ils se sont trouvez au 31. Dec. 1699 ; Im Auftrage Der Geselligen Vereinigung Der Mitglieder Der Franz, H. Scherer, Berlin 1888.



Carl G. F. Langenscheidt an ex libris collector and publisher whose collection was sold in auction: Exlibris-Sammlung Carl G. F. Langenscheidt. Eine Siegel-Sammlung. [Auktion XLIV. Am 2. mai 1925]. Berlin, Paul Graupe, 1925.

Other ex libris of the artist (not illustrated):
· Berlin Ex Libris Society - like other artist of his time he also made an ex libris for the Berlin Ex Libris Society, founded in 1891, which became, in 1909, the German Ex Libris Society;
· Gualteri de Boetticher; Kurd Lepel; Johann Albrecht Herzog zu Mecklenburg; Adolfi Matthiae Hildebrandt; Hermann Kluge, Altenburg; Otto Kleemann; Huberti de Gumppenberg and Aug. F. Ammann.
_________________
Bibliography:
Hildebrandt, Adolf Matthias, Wappenfibel. Handbuch der Heraldik. Degener 1991
Hildebrandt, Adolf Matthias, Heraldische Bücherzeichen. 25 Ex-Libris, 2 Sammlung, Berlin, Stargardt, 1894
Hildebrandt, Adolf Matthias , Fünfundzwanzig neue heraldische Bücherzeichen gezeichnet. Berlin, J. A. Stargardt, 1898.
Hildebrandt, Adolf Matthias, Heraldisches Alphabet. 2., Frankfurt a.M., Wilhelm Rommel, 1884, Genealogisches Handbuch bürgerlicher Familien, Unter Förderung des Vereins "Herold" hrsgg. von Bernhard Koerner, mit Zeichnungen von Adolf Matthias Hildebrandt. 9. Band 1902. Berlin: Bruer 1902

Thursday, 7 December 2006

HRH Cardinal Infante Dom Fernando de Áustria


Cardinale Infante Ferdinand of Austria (1609/1610 in Escorial near
Madrid, Spain - November 9, 1641 in Brussels) as Hunter 1632-36, Oil on canvas,
191 x 107 cm, Museo del Prado, Madrid
Source:
Web Gallery of Art

H.R.H. Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria (1609 - 1641)
Insc: S.S. Inf. D. Ferdinandi, Cardinalis Archiepiscopi Toletani
Artist: Juan Schorckens (Flemish)

Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand (1609 ? -1641) was born at the Escorial and died in Brussells. He was the third son of King Philip III of Spain and of Queen Margaret of Austria and was made by his father Archbishop of Toledo (1619-41). He was also Governor fo the Spanish Flanders and an Army commander during the Thrity Years War (1618-1648). During his Governorship of Flanders, the emblematic city of Breda was reconquered by the prince of Orange never to be recovered and Arras was lost to the French.
On the Cardinal's admiration for Peter Paul Rubens see, http://www.nndb.com/people/895/000031802/
J. Schorckens lived in Madrid in the first half of the XVII th century working as an engraver.
He made several well known engravings for Portuguese Books printed in that period.


H.M. D. Maria I, Queen of Portugal (1734-1816)


H. M. Mary I, Queen of Portugal and of the Algarves

Eldest daughter of King D. José I (1714-1777) and Queen D. Mariana Vitória of Bourbon (1718-1781) dau of Philip V, king of Spain and his second wife princess Elizabeth Farnese.
She ascended the throne in 1777, on her father's death. From 1792, due to mental illness, her oldest surviving son prince D. João ruled in her name, assuming the title of Regent in 1799 till he succeeded the Crown as John VI, in 1816. The Queen never recovered from the death of her eldest son and heir prince D. José, at the age of 26, from the events of the French Revolution of which she learned the reports made by many émigrés to whom she gave asylum, and the execution in the guillotine of King Louis XVI and Queen Marie-Antoinette.
As daughter, of the then prince of Brazil - Dom José, heir presumptive to the throne, she became princess of Beira and after her father's accession to the throne as king D. José I, she became princess of Brazil and duchess of Bragança.
She married her uncle Infante D. Pedro (1717- 1786), grand-prior of Crato (a priory of the Order of Malta) and lord of Infantado, as the second male son of King John V.
In 1807, avoiding capture by the invading Napoleonic Army under the command of Marshall Junot and following the advice of the British Government, the Queen accompanied by the Royal Family and many courtiers fled to Brazil in a fleet escorted by warships of the British Royal Navy.
Queen Mary I died in Brazil at Rio de Janeiro in 1816 and was later buried at the Estrela Basilica in Lisbon which was built by her command.
Insc: Maria I Dei Gratia Portugaliae et Algarbiorum Regina
Artist: Jerónimo de Barros Ferreira (XVIIIth century)
Tech.: Steel engraving

The Art of Bookbinding

A collection of useful links:
1. A site that provides free on-line books on bookbinding, care of books and related subjects, published from 1894-1916:
The Art of Bookbinding by Joseph W. Zaehnsdorf
Bookbinding and the Care of Books by Douglas Cockerell
Bookbinding for Beginners by Florence O. Bean
The Binding of Books by Herbert P. Horne
The Story of Books by Gertude Burford Rawlings
A Book for All Readers by Ainsworth Rand Spofford
The Story of Paper Making by J.W. Butler Paper Company
Bookbinding by Paul N. Hasluck
2. Another interesting website rich in information is Paul Tronson’s:
Royal Bindings by Paul Tronson - Master Bookbinder -Bookbinding & Royal Bindings and http://leather-book-binding.blogspot.com/
3. Useful reading for the beginner interested in these subjects is the essay:
Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books A Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology
4. Sir Augustus W. Franks (1826-1897) apart from his outstanding Bookplate Collection formed a collection of Armorial Bookbindings which was also purchased by the British Museum. The following paper by P. J. M. Marks is worth reading - A. W. Franks and Armorial Bookbindings: Including a List of British Armorial Bookbindings Contained within the Franks Collection
http://www.bl.uk/collections/eblj/2006/article2.html
5. The Clements Collection of Bookbindings at the Victoria & Albert Museum
http://www.vam.ac.uk/collections/prints_books/clements/index.html
see, also Harthan, John P. "Armorial Bookbindings from the Clements Collection." Apollo (December, 1960): 179-83; (June, 1961): 186-91; (December, 1961): 165-71.
6. Bookbinding – Biblioteca Nazionale Braidense (Milano) from the exhibition, "The Art of Binding Books Through the 15th and 16th Centuries" which took place at Milan in 2002, with an on-line gallery
http://www.braidense.it/bookbinding/index.html
7. Bibliothèque Mazarine - Reliures précieuses XVIe-XVIIIe siècles (Fine Bookbindings from the XVIth-XVIIth centuries) from the Library of Cardinal Mazarine.
The famous Minister of Louis XIV built up a superb collection of books and manuscripts which he legated to the Collège des Quatre-Nations suppressed after the Revolution. The Mazarin Library was preserved and from 1945 was annexed to the Institut de France which occupies the buildings of the former College since 1805. It was the finest private library of its day and is the oldest public library in France.
http://www.bibliotheque-mazarine.fr/maztres/maztres.htm
8. Another fine on-line Gallery of bookbindings from the collections of the British Library
http://www.bl.uk/catalogues/bookbindings/gallery.asp
and a Guide to Bookbindings in the British Library http://www.bl.uk/collections/early/bindingsguide1.html
9. The Art of bookbinding in China British Library, International Dunhuang Project (Descriptions of Chinese bookbinding styles as part of the International Dunhuang Project)
10. Columbia University, New York - Exhibition Judging a Book by Its Cover Gold-Stamped Publishers' Bindings of the 19th Century (1997-98) of th collections of the University
http://www.columbia.edu/cu/lweb/eresources/exhibitions/gilded/index.html#more
11. An exhibition of Reliures Françaises du XVIIe SiècleExposition au Musée Condé (Château de Chantilly) (French Bookbindings of the XVIIth century) from the superb collection made by the Duc d’Aumale, son of Louis-Philippe d’Orléans, king of the French
http://www.institut-de-france.fr/patrimoine/chantilly/reliures.htm
12. An on-line exhibit of fine bookbindings from the collections of the National Library of the Netherlands:
http://www.kb.nl/galerie/100hoogtepunten/boekbanden-en.html
http://www.kb.nl/bc/boekb/boekb-en.html
13. Scottish Decorative Bookbiding with an Introduction and on-line exhibit of fine Scottish bindings from the XVIIth-XIXth centuries of the National Library of Scotland
http://www.nls.uk/digitallibrary/bookbinding/
14. The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Islamic Art in the Medieval Period - The arts of the book in the Ilkhanid period (1256-1353) http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/khan2/hd_khan2.htm
15. Princeton University Library – Hand Bookbindings
http://libweb5.princeton.edu/visual_materials/hb/index.html
16. A scholar essay by Priscilla Anderson on Fifteenth-Century Bookbinding Structure in Italy and the Netherlands: A Survey of Manuscripts and Printed Books
http://aic.stanford.edu/sg/bpg/annual/v18/bp18-01.html
17. Highlights of the ExhibitionSix Centuries of Master BookBindingat Bridwell Library http://www.smu.edu/bridwell/specialcollections/masterbookbinding/SixCenturiesHighlights.htm
18. Reference book: Armorial Bookbindings. The Catalogue of Books from the Libraries or Collections of Celebrated Bibliophiles and Illustrious Persons of the Past with Arms or Devices upon the Bindings Exhibited at the Grolier Club. Grolier Club, New York. 1895.

Wednesday, 6 December 2006

Super Libris

A recent search in the Internet brought me to an interesting paper by Kadri Tammur of the Tartu University Library, in Estonia, discussing «Changes in Super Ex Libris in the course of time on the basis of tartu University Library collections» (http://www.leidykla.vu.lt/inetleid/knygot/42/straipsniai/str8.pdf).
Super libris as they are generally known were marks of ownership stamped on the bindings or the spine of a book usually representing the arms of the owner, wheter an individual or an institution, like a monastery a cathedral or a library.

Infante D. Henrique, duke of Coimbra






H.R.H. Infante Dom Henrique Nuno João Miguel de Bragança (b. Bern 1949), 4th duke o Coimbra

He is the third son of H.R.H. D. Duarte Nuno, duke of Bragança (1907-1976) and H.R.H. D. Maria Francisca de Orléans e Bragança (1914-1968) daughter of H.I.H. D. Pedro de Alcântara de Orleans e Bragança, prince of Grão-Pará (1875-1940) and Isabel, countess Dobrzensky of Dobrzenicz (1875-1951) and the younger brother of H.R.H. Dom Duarte Pio, Duke of Bragança and Chief of the Royal House of Bragança.

His great grandfather was D. Miguel I (1802-1866), proclaimed king of Portugal in 1828, who as a result of defeat in the civil war was forced to abdicate (1834) and died in exile in Austria at the Castle of Bronnbach (see, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miguel_of_Portugal).

He is the namesake of Infante D. Henrique, the Navigator, son of King John I and Philipa of Lancaster and half-brother of D. Afonso, count of Barcelos and 1st duke of Bragança. The latter's brother Infante D. Pedro, was 1st duke of Coimbra and Regent of Portugal, during the minority of his nephew king D. Afonso V.

Artist: Segismundo Ramires Pinto
Tech.: X3, opus 113
Year: 1986
Arms: The Royal arms differenced by a label of three points argent, the second charged with the arms of Orléans and the third with the Imperial Arms of Brazil (alluding to the prince's mother, née Princess of Orléans e Bragança)
Crest: Bragança (dukes of)


The same artist created another bookplate for HRH the duke of Coimbra with coronet and crest with the initials «D.C.»
Tech.: X3, opus 112
Year: 1986
A ducal coronet with the lettering DC
Crest: Bragança (dukes of)

Infante D. Miguel, Duke of Viseu

H.R.H. Infante D. Miguel Rafael Gabriel Xavier Teresa Maria Félix de Orleães e Bragança, 7th duke of Viseu (b. Bern 1946)
Bailiff Grand Cross of Honour and Devotion of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John's of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta
Bailiff Grand Cross of Justice of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George
Grand Officer of the Order of St. Maurice and St Lazarus
President of the Portuguese Association of the of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta
He is the second son of HRH D. Duarte Nuno, duke of Bragança (1907-1976) and HRH D. Maria Francisca de Orléans e Bragança (1914-1968), daughter of D. Pedro de Alcântara de Orleans e Bragança, prince of Grão-Pará (1875-1940) and Isabel, countess Dobrzensky of Dobrzenicz (1875-1951).

His great grandfather was D. Miguel I (1802-1866), proclaimed king of Portugal in 1828, who as a result of military defeat in the civil war was forced to abdicate (1834) and died in exile in Austria at the Castle of Bronnbach (see, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miguel_of_Portugal).
Infante D. Miguel holds the prestigious title of Duke of Viseu which was used before by his uncle D. Miguel de Bragança, (1878-1923), 6th duke of Viseu and by D. Manuel (1469-1521), 5th duke of Viseu and 4th duke of Beja, who became king of Portugal in 1495, after the death without legitimate succession of king John II.

Artitst: Segismundo Ramires Pinto
Tech.: X3, opus 115
Year: 1987
Arms: The Royal arms differenced by a label of three points argent, the third charged with the Imperial Arms of Brazil (alluding to the prince's mother, née Princess of Orléans e Bragança)
Crest: Bragança, (dukes of)

Tuesday, 5 December 2006

Victor Lamothe Ex Libris (1736-1823)


Lamothe was a physician born in Bordeaux the son of Daniel Lamothe a lawyer at Bordeaux Parlement. He practised at Montpellier and then at his native city in 1767.
He was a member of the Bordeaux Academy and was appointed to the St. Andrew Hospital and placed at the head of the Maternity after the Revolution.
He was one of the founders of the Société de Médicine (Mediacl Society) of which he became the Chairman in 1799 and in 1806.
This bookplate apart from being heraldic is also relevant to collectors who are interested in Doctor's or Medical bookplates. Indeed, physicians have been throughout times one of the professions, together with lawyers, that have chosen to mark their books with ex libris, allusive or not to their noble profession.

Sources: A. Dujjarric Descombes, Deux ex-libris Bordelais - les frères de Lamothe et l'Abbé Desbiez, Daragon, livraire-éditeur, Paris 1918;
Dr. Eugène Oliveier, Ce que nous apprennent les ex-libris de médecins et de pharmaciens d'autrefois, Société Française des Collectionneurs d'Ex-Libris, 1913

GMN 60705

Monday, 4 December 2006

Bookplate Collecting Themes – «Don Quijote»


Contemporary ex libris collectors have often specialized or chosen a particular theme(s) as the preferable object for their collections.
Apart from what is commonly called «erotic» or «nude» ex libris which has increasingly become very popular and fashionable among a wide number of collectors, the theme «Don Quijote» - the immortal character created by Don Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, is certainly among one of the most chosen by exlibrists.
Miguel de Cervantes (1547-1616) lived in an epoch ravaged by the wars of religion in a country that was a paramount power of the day and died in the same year as Shakespeare after a live not exempt from tragedy, misfortune and adventure.
His El ingenioso hidalgo don Quijote de la Mancha first part was published in 1605 obtaining great success not only in his native country but also throughout Europe and just one year before his death the second part was published at Madrid. Translated in many languages object of movies and television series and even computer games, Don Quixote has inspired Operas, Ballets and musical compositions. Illustrators, engravers and painters have also treated Don Quijote, namely William Hogarth, G. Doré, H. Daumier, F. Goya, Antonio Muñoz Degrain, Picasso and Salvador Dali.
(see, article by Roderick S. Quiroz, Don Quixote and the Prints Inspired by the Novel: An Introduction, at http://www.library.georgetown.edu/dept/speccoll/guac/quixote_05/
For a summary of one of his best biographies by Prof. Jean Canavaggio see, http://www.csdl.tamu.edu/cervantes/V2/CPI/index.html - part of the Project Cervantes’ excellent website resulting from the cooperation of Texas A&M University and the University of Castilla-La Mancha – Cervantes Chair. The site provides apart from biographical information, a Cervantes International Bibliography Online, a Don Quixote Bibliography, a Cervantes Digital Library with electronic editions of Cervantes’s works and a Cervantes Digital Archive of Images with Don Quijote iconography, Cervantes portraits and above all a digital archive of Ex Libris Cervantinos.
Ex Libris Cervantinos has the on-line catalogue of one of the best Collections of Cervantes/Quijote Bookplates ever gathered, belonging to Dr. Gian Carlo Torre - an Italian collector and author (see, Torre, Gian Carlo. La aventura de Don Quijote en los ex-libris. Braga: Ed. A. M. da Mota Miranda, 2003 & Don Chisciotte nell'ex libris. Turín: Edizioni MAF Servizi, 1995).

For the text of the English translation of Don Quixote, by John Ormsby published in London in 1885 see, http://www.donquixote.com/english.html
See also, The IV Centenary of Don Quijote web site and the Weaving the legend of don Quixote / Toledo exhibition with tapestries illustrating some of the adventures of the ingenious nobleman Don Quixote de la Mancha some of which were commissioned by King Felipe V and the Museo Iconográfico del Quijote, an excellent website from Mexico.
Georgetown University organized a series of initiatives to commemorate the IV Centenary of Quijote's publication see, TILTING AT WINDMILLS: DON QUIXOTE AT 400 including art and rare books from the Georgetown University Library's Special Collections.

Sunday, 3 December 2006

Alfonso XIII & Victoria Eugenia, King & Queen of Spain

H.M. Alphonse XIII, King of Spain (1886 - 1886/1931 - 1941)
Insc.: Alfonso XIII
Artist: A. de Riquer
Tech.:C3 Etching
H.M. was married to Princess Victoria Eugenia of Battenberg (1887-1969) and is the grand-father of H.M. Don Juan Carlos I, King of Spain and great-grand-father of Prince Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou and Chief of the Royal House of Bourbon


H.M Victoria Eugenia of Battenberg, Queen of Spain (1887-1969)
Insc.:Victoria Eugenia Hispaniarum Regina
Artist: Stern, Paris
Tech.: C1 or C2 (?)
Bibliography: Ricardo de la Cierva, Victoria Eugenia, el veneno en la sangre, Planeta, Barcelona, 1995

Bourbon (Two Sicilies)

H.M. Ferdinando I, King of the Two Sicilies (1751- 1816 - 1825), formerly Ferdinando IV , King of Naples and (III) King of Sicily, Infant of Spain
Insc.: Anonymous
Ferdinand I was married to Princess Mary Caroline of Austria (1752-1814)
Bibliogr.: Francisco Simas Alves de Azevedo, «Belos e interessantes ex-libis régios e principescos», in Boletim da Academia Portuguesa de Ex-Libris, # 19, Lisboa, 1962, p. 4





H.M. Francesco I, King of the Two Sicilies (1777 - 1825 - 1830)
Artist: C. Amalfi fecit & A. Baldi sculp.
Year: circa 1820



Louis Charles Marie Joseph, prince of the Two Sicilies, Count of Aquila (1824-1897)
Insc.: Biblioteca Conte di Aquila
Artist: Stern sculp.
Year: c. 1870
Son of Francis I, King of the Two Sicilies and of Maria Isabel of Spain. He is the ancestor of the House of the Counts Roccaguglielma who ceased to be dynasts in the Two Sicilies due to the morganatic non-authorised marriage of the prince's son.

Saturday, 2 December 2006

Charles VII King of Naples and of the Two Sicilies


Charles de Bourbon y Farnesio (1716-1788)
Duke of Parme, Charles VII of Naples and of the Two Sicilies, Charles III, king of Spain
The first son of the second marriage of Philip V with Elizabeth Farnese of Parma he was a grandson of Louis XIV and married Maria Amalia of Saxony (1724-1760), daughter of Augustus III of Poland in 1738.

He succeeded his maternal great-uncle Antonio Farnesio, as Duke of Parma and Plaisance in 1731. Being also great-grandson of Margaret Médicis, daughter of Cosme II, grand-duke of Tuscany (d. 1621), married to Edward I, duke of Parma, Infant Don Carlos was also recognised as heir of the grand-duchy of Tuscany, in 1737. Thus the arms of the Farnese, dukes of Parma and those of the Médicis, grand-dukes of Tuscany.

During the War of the Polish Succession, a Spanish Army conquered Naples and Sicily, defeating the Austrians, and Charles, Duke of Parma was given the Crown of Naples and Sicily in 1735 in exchange for the Duchies of Parma and Piacenza handed over to Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor. He also abdicated his pretensions to Tuscany, which were given to Francis, duke of Lorraine, future emperor Francis I of Austria. The Pope gave him the title of King of Jerusalem in 1738.
Parma was to return to the Bourbons after the end of the War of the Austrian Succession and the Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle, in 1748, on behalf of Charles’ younger brother Philip of Bourbon, Duke of Parma (1720-1765).
While in Naples and Sicily he favoured the arts and built fabulous Royal Palaces at Caserta and Capodimonte to house the Farnese Collction that he brought from Parma.


Upon the death without issue of his half-brother King Ferdinand VI, of Spain, in 1759, Charles became king of Spain as Charles III, leaving Naples and Sicily to his younger son Ferdinand I.




H. M. Charles VII (1716- 1788), King of Naples (1735-1759), of Sicily (1738-1759) & of Jerusalem, (I), Duke of Parme (1731-35), & Charles III, King of Spain (1759-88)
Insc.:Anonymous
Tech.: C2
Blasoning:1. Bourgogne (ancien, sans bordure) et Autriche; 2. Leon et Castille; 3. Aragon et Sicile; 4. Autriche; 5. Anjou (moderne); 6. Bourgogne (ancien); 7. Brabant; 8. Flandre; 9. Tirol ; 10. Anjou ancien (Naples) sans le lambel; 11. Jerusalém; aux flancs, dexter, Parme (Farnése) mal representé, et Portugal; sinister, Toscane (Médicis). Sur le tout, Anjou (moderne). Pending are the crosses of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of St. George, the Golden Fleece, St. Januarius and the Holy Ghost.


The Farnese, dukes of Parma, bore the arms of Portugal, since Rainuncio I, duke of Parma, who by being the great-grandson of D.Manuel I, King of Portugal, through his son Infant Dom Duarte, was pretendant to the throne of Portugal in the dynastic crisis of 1580. He undoubtedly detained the genealogical representation of King Emmanuel I, but was outtaken by Philip II, King of Spain who became King of Portugal, although having less rights.
His line is today representended by Monseigneur Prince Louis Alphonse, Duke d'Anjou and Duke of Bourbon, as the eldest male descendant of Queen Elizabeth Farnese, who is also the present Head of the Bourbon Family.






German Artists

Otto Hupp (1859-1949)
A famous German artist, born in Düsseldorf, son of Carl Heinrich Hupp an engraver and medalmaker. He soon moved to Munich were he learned painting with Rudolf Seitz.




Otto Hupp was a multifaceted artist, being a painter and an engraver, working with metals, stone, ivory and leather and also designed steins and plaques. His work as a beer stein designer is largely and scholarly dealt by Dr. Thérèse Thomas at http://www.steincollectors.org/library/articles/Hupp/Hupp.html
But above all, he was a brilliant Heraldist having left many works namely. books on Heraldry and also bookplates.
Biography: at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_Hupp; and http://www.fraktur.de/schriftkuenstler/ohupp.htm (in German)

See,an example of a fine cut-leather binding by Otto Hupp at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_HuppBibliog.: Hans-Enno Korn, Otto Hupp: Meister der Wappenkunst 1859-1949. Ausstellung des Bayerischen Hauptstaatsarchivs, München, 6. Dezember 1984 - 3. Februar 1985, Generaldirektion der Staatlichen Archive Bayerns: München, 1984

Lorenz Max Rheude (1863-1939)



Friday, 1 December 2006

Casimir Pignatelli, comte d'Egmont


Casimir Pignatelli, (1727-1801)
Marquis de Pignatelli (1750), comte d'Egmont (1753), prince de Gavre, duc de Bisaccia
Chevalier du Toison d'Or (1767), Chevalier de l'Ordre de Saint Louis
Belonging to an illustrious and very old noble family whose destinies dwindled and followed the fate of the Low Countries, one of the most disputed regions of old Europe. Once feudataries of the Holy Roman Empire, then part of the possessions of the the Dukes of Burgundy, part of the heritage of Emperor Charles V and hence a possession of the Spanish Habsburgs, then after thr Treaty of Utrecht an Austrian dominion in its southern part and part of the French Republic and the Napoleonic Empire, till after the Treaty of Vienna of 1815, three sovereign states were formed.
So, these families allegiances varied according to whoever was the dominant suzerain: the Holy Roman Emperor, the Spanish, the Austrians and the French. Various members of this family were Kinghts of the Toison d'Or, eihter of the Spanish or Austrian «branches».
Casimir d'Egmont served the French Crown.
The son of Procope Marie Antoine Philippe Charles Nicolas Augustin, duc de Bisaccia, and Henriette Julie de Durfort de Duras. Started his military career at the Musketeers and in 1744 was mestre de camp of his own Regiment.
Brigadier in 1748, was Aide-de-Champ of Maréchal de Richelieu in Minorca, in 1756, and was promoted to maréchal de camp and Lieutenent General in 1762.
After the Revolution he was an émigré having commanded royalist forces in the former Austrian Low Countries.
He married 1stly., Blanche Alphonsine de Saint-Séverin d’Aragon; 2ndly, Sophie Louise Armande Septimanie de Vignerot du Plessis de Richelieu and 3rdly., in 1788, Claire Marie Farely.
His second wife was the niece of the powerful and wealthy Cardinal de Richelieu.

Wednesday, 29 November 2006

Ercole Sfrondati (1771-1773)



Count Della Riviera Sfrondati

Circa 1750

Gelli, p. 431
The Sfrondati assumed great power with Emperor Charles V.